wake-up-neo.net

Zeilenumbruch Widget-Layout für Android

Ich versuche, eine Aktivität zu erstellen, die dem Benutzer einige Daten präsentiert. Die Daten sind so beschaffen, dass sie in "Wörter" unterteilt werden können, wobei jedes ein Widget ist, und eine Folge von "Wörtern" würde die Daten ("Satz"?) Bilden, wobei das ViewGroup-Widget die Wörter enthält. Da der für alle 'Wörter' in einem 'Satz' erforderliche Platz den verfügbaren horizontalen Platz auf dem Display überschreiten würde, möchte ich diese 'Sätze' wie ein normales Textstück umbrechen.

Der folgende Code:

public class WrapTest extends Activity {
    /** Called when the activity is first created. */
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        LinearLayout l = new LinearLayout(this);
        LinearLayout.LayoutParams lp = new LinearLayout.LayoutParams(
                LinearLayout.LayoutParams.FILL_PARENT,
                LinearLayout.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT);
        LinearLayout.LayoutParams mlp = new LinearLayout.LayoutParams(
                new ViewGroup.MarginLayoutParams(
                        LinearLayout.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT,
                        LinearLayout.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT));
        mlp.setMargins(0, 0, 2, 0);

        for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
            TextView t = new TextView(this);
            t.setText("Hello");
            t.setBackgroundColor(Color.RED);
            t.setSingleLine(true);
            l.addView(t, mlp);
        }

        setContentView(l, lp);
    }
}

ergibt so etwas wie das linke Bild, aber ich möchte ein Layout mit den gleichen Widgets wie im rechten.

non-wrapping

wrapping

Gibt es ein solches Layout oder eine solche Kombination von Layouts und Parametern oder muss ich dafür eine eigene ViewGroup implementieren?

94

Seit Mai 2016 gibt es ein neues Layout mit dem Namen FlexboxLayout von Google, das in hohem Maße für den von Ihnen gewünschten Zweck konfiguriert werden kann.

FlexboxLayout befindet sich derzeit im Google GitHub-Repository unter https://github.com/google/flexbox-layout .

Sie können es in Ihrem Projekt verwenden, indem Sie der Datei build.gradle Eine Abhängigkeit hinzufügen:

dependencies {
    compile 'com.google.Android:flexbox:0.3.2'
}

Weitere Informationen zur Verwendung von FlexboxLayout und zu allen Attributen finden Sie in der Readme-Datei des Repository oder in den Artikeln von Mark Allison hier:

https://blog.stylingandroid.com/flexboxlayout-part-1/

https://blog.stylingandroid.com/flexboxlayout-part2/

https://blog.stylingandroid.com/flexboxlayout-part-3/

38
Lukas Novak

Ich habe mein eigenes Layout erstellt, das macht, was ich will, aber es ist im Moment ziemlich begrenzt. Kommentare und Verbesserungsvorschläge sind natürlich willkommen.

Die Aktivität:

package se.fnord.xmms2.predicate;

import se.fnord.Android.layout.PredicateLayout;
import Android.app.Activity;
import Android.graphics.Color;
import Android.os.Bundle;
import Android.widget.TextView;

public class Predicate extends Activity {
    /** Called when the activity is first created. */
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

        PredicateLayout l = new PredicateLayout(this);
        for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
            TextView t = new TextView(this);
            t.setText("Hello");
            t.setBackgroundColor(Color.RED);
            t.setSingleLine(true);
            l.addView(t, new PredicateLayout.LayoutParams(2, 0));
        }

        setContentView(l);
    }
}

Oder in einem XML-Layout:

<se.fnord.Android.layout.PredicateLayout
    Android:id="@+id/predicate_layout"
    Android:layout_width="fill_parent" 
    Android:layout_height="wrap_content"
/>

Und das Layout:

package se.fnord.Android.layout;

import Android.content.Context;
import Android.util.AttributeSet;
import Android.view.View;
import Android.view.ViewGroup;

/**
 * ViewGroup that arranges child views in a similar way to text, with them laid
 * out one line at a time and "wrapping" to the next line as needed.
 * 
 * Code licensed under CC-by-SA
 *  
 * @author Henrik Gustafsson
 * @see http://stackoverflow.com/questions/549451/line-breaking-widget-layout-for-Android
 * @license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5/
 *
 */
public class PredicateLayout extends ViewGroup {

    private int line_height;

    public PredicateLayout(Context context) {
        super(context);
    }

    public PredicateLayout(Context context, AttributeSet attrs){
        super(context, attrs);
    }

    @Override
    protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) {
        assert(MeasureSpec.getMode(widthMeasureSpec) != MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);

        final int width = MeasureSpec.getSize(widthMeasureSpec);

        // The next line is WRONG!!! Doesn't take into account requested MeasureSpec mode!
        int height = MeasureSpec.getSize(heightMeasureSpec) - getPaddingTop() - getPaddingBottom();
        final int count = getChildCount();
        int line_height = 0;

        int xpos = getPaddingLeft();
        int ypos = getPaddingTop();

        for (int i = 0; i < count; i++) {
            final View child = getChildAt(i);
            if (child.getVisibility() != GONE) {
                final LayoutParams lp = (LayoutParams) child.getLayoutParams();
                child.measure(
                        MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(width, MeasureSpec.AT_MOST),
                        MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(height, MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED));

                final int childw = child.getMeasuredWidth();
                line_height = Math.max(line_height, child.getMeasuredHeight() + lp.height);

                if (xpos + childw > width) {
                    xpos = getPaddingLeft();
                    ypos += line_height;
                }

                xpos += childw + lp.width;
            }
        }
        this.line_height = line_height;

        if (MeasureSpec.getMode(heightMeasureSpec) == MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED){
            height = ypos + line_height;

        } else if (MeasureSpec.getMode(heightMeasureSpec) == MeasureSpec.AT_MOST){
            if (ypos + line_height < height){
                height = ypos + line_height;
            }
        }
        setMeasuredDimension(width, height);
    }

    @Override
    protected LayoutParams generateDefaultLayoutParams() {
        return new LayoutParams(1, 1); // default of 1px spacing
    }

    @Override
    protected boolean checkLayoutParams(LayoutParams p) {
        return (p instanceof LayoutParams);
    }

    @Override
    protected void onLayout(boolean changed, int l, int t, int r, int b) {
        final int count = getChildCount();
        final int width = r - l;
        int xpos = getPaddingLeft();
        int ypos = getPaddingTop();

        for (int i = 0; i < count; i++) {
            final View child = getChildAt(i);
            if (child.getVisibility() != GONE) {
                final int childw = child.getMeasuredWidth();
                final int childh = child.getMeasuredHeight();
                final LayoutParams lp = (LayoutParams) child.getLayoutParams();
                if (xpos + childw > width) {
                    xpos = getPaddingLeft();
                    ypos += line_height;
                }
                child.layout(xpos, ypos, xpos + childw, ypos + childh);
                xpos += childw + lp.width;
            }
        }
    }
}

Mit dem Ergebnis:

Wrapped widgets

94

Ich habe etwas sehr ähnliches implementiert, aber ich denke, es ist etwas üblicher, mit Abstand und Abstand umzugehen. Bitte lasst mich wissen, was ihr denkt, und fühlt euch frei, ohne Zuschreibung wiederverwendet zu werden:

package com.asolutions.widget;

import Java.util.ArrayList;
import Java.util.Collections;
import Java.util.Iterator;
import Java.util.List;

import Android.content.Context;
import Android.content.res.TypedArray;
import Android.util.AttributeSet;
import Android.view.View;
import Android.view.ViewGroup;

import com.asolutions.widget.R;

public class RowLayout extends ViewGroup {
    public static final int DEFAULT_HORIZONTAL_SPACING = 5;
    public static final int DEFAULT_VERTICAL_SPACING = 5;
    private final int horizontalSpacing;
    private final int verticalSpacing;
    private List<RowMeasurement> currentRows = Collections.emptyList();

    public RowLayout(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super(context, attrs);
        TypedArray styledAttributes = context.obtainStyledAttributes(attrs, R.styleable.RowLayout);
        horizontalSpacing = styledAttributes.getDimensionPixelSize(R.styleable.RowLayout_Android_horizontalSpacing,
                DEFAULT_HORIZONTAL_SPACING);
        verticalSpacing = styledAttributes.getDimensionPixelSize(R.styleable.RowLayout_Android_verticalSpacing,
                DEFAULT_VERTICAL_SPACING);
        styledAttributes.recycle();
    }

    @Override
    protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) {
        final int widthMode = MeasureSpec.getMode(widthMeasureSpec);
        final int heightMode = MeasureSpec.getMode(heightMeasureSpec);
        final int maxInternalWidth = MeasureSpec.getSize(widthMeasureSpec) - getHorizontalPadding();
        final int maxInternalHeight = MeasureSpec.getSize(heightMeasureSpec) - getVerticalPadding();
        List<RowMeasurement> rows = new ArrayList<RowMeasurement>();
        RowMeasurement currentRow = new RowMeasurement(maxInternalWidth, widthMode);
        rows.add(currentRow);
        for (View child : getLayoutChildren()) {
            LayoutParams childLayoutParams = child.getLayoutParams();
            int childWidthSpec = createChildMeasureSpec(childLayoutParams.width, maxInternalWidth, widthMode);
            int childHeightSpec = createChildMeasureSpec(childLayoutParams.height, maxInternalHeight, heightMode);
            child.measure(childWidthSpec, childHeightSpec);
            int childWidth = child.getMeasuredWidth();
            int childHeight = child.getMeasuredHeight();
            if (currentRow.wouldExceedMax(childWidth)) {
                currentRow = new RowMeasurement(maxInternalWidth, widthMode);
                rows.add(currentRow);
            }
            currentRow.addChildDimensions(childWidth, childHeight);
        }

        int longestRowWidth = 0;
        int totalRowHeight = 0;
        for (int index = 0; index < rows.size(); index++) {
            RowMeasurement row = rows.get(index);
            totalRowHeight += row.getHeight();
            if (index < rows.size() - 1) {
                totalRowHeight += verticalSpacing;
            }
            longestRowWidth = Math.max(longestRowWidth, row.getWidth());
        }
        setMeasuredDimension(widthMode == MeasureSpec.EXACTLY ? MeasureSpec.getSize(widthMeasureSpec) : longestRowWidth
                + getHorizontalPadding(), heightMode == MeasureSpec.EXACTLY ? MeasureSpec.getSize(heightMeasureSpec)
                : totalRowHeight + getVerticalPadding());
        currentRows = Collections.unmodifiableList(rows);
    }

    private int createChildMeasureSpec(int childLayoutParam, int max, int parentMode) {
        int spec;
        if (childLayoutParam == LayoutParams.FILL_PARENT) {
            spec = MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(max, MeasureSpec.EXACTLY);
        } else if (childLayoutParam == LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT) {
            spec = MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(max, parentMode == MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED ? MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED
                    : MeasureSpec.AT_MOST);
        } else {
            spec = MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(childLayoutParam, MeasureSpec.EXACTLY);
        }
        return spec;
    }

    @Override
    protected void onLayout(boolean changed, int leftPosition, int topPosition, int rightPosition, int bottomPosition) {
        final int widthOffset = getMeasuredWidth() - getPaddingRight();
        int x = getPaddingLeft();
        int y = getPaddingTop();

        Iterator<RowMeasurement> rowIterator = currentRows.iterator();
        RowMeasurement currentRow = rowIterator.next();
        for (View child : getLayoutChildren()) {
            final int childWidth = child.getMeasuredWidth();
            final int childHeight = child.getMeasuredHeight();
            if (x + childWidth > widthOffset) {
                x = getPaddingLeft();
                y += currentRow.height + verticalSpacing;
                if (rowIterator.hasNext()) {
                    currentRow = rowIterator.next();
                }
            }
            child.layout(x, y, x + childWidth, y + childHeight);
            x += childWidth + horizontalSpacing;
        }
    }

    private List<View> getLayoutChildren() {
        List<View> children = new ArrayList<View>();
        for (int index = 0; index < getChildCount(); index++) {
            View child = getChildAt(index);
            if (child.getVisibility() != View.GONE) {
                children.add(child);
            }
        }
        return children;
    }

    protected int getVerticalPadding() {
        return getPaddingTop() + getPaddingBottom();
    }

    protected int getHorizontalPadding() {
        return getPaddingLeft() + getPaddingRight();
    }

    private final class RowMeasurement {
        private final int maxWidth;
        private final int widthMode;
        private int width;
        private int height;

        public RowMeasurement(int maxWidth, int widthMode) {
            this.maxWidth = maxWidth;
            this.widthMode = widthMode;
        }

        public int getHeight() {
            return height;
        }

        public int getWidth() {
            return width;
        }

        public boolean wouldExceedMax(int childWidth) {
            return widthMode == MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED ? false : getNewWidth(childWidth) > maxWidth;
        }

        public void addChildDimensions(int childWidth, int childHeight) {
            width = getNewWidth(childWidth);
            height = Math.max(height, childHeight);
        }

        private int getNewWidth(int childWidth) {
            return width == 0 ? childWidth : width + horizontalSpacing + childWidth;
        }
    }
}

Dies erfordert auch einen Eintrag unter /res/values/attrs.xml, den Sie erstellen können, wenn er noch nicht vorhanden ist.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>
    <declare-styleable name="RowLayout">
        <attr name="Android:verticalSpacing" />
        <attr name="Android:horizontalSpacing" />
    </declare-styleable>
</resources>

Die Verwendung in einem XML-Layout sieht folgendermaßen aus:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<com.asolutions.widget.RowLayout 
    xmlns:Android="http://schemas.Android.com/apk/res/Android"
    Android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    Android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    Android:layout_gravity="center"
    Android:padding="10dp"
    Android:horizontalSpacing="10dp"
    Android:verticalSpacing="20dp">
    <FrameLayout Android:layout_width="30px" Android:layout_height="40px" Android:background="#F00"/>
    <FrameLayout Android:layout_width="60px" Android:layout_height="40px" Android:background="#F00"/>
    <FrameLayout Android:layout_width="70px" Android:layout_height="20px" Android:background="#F00"/>
    <FrameLayout Android:layout_width="20px" Android:layout_height="60px" Android:background="#F00"/>
    <FrameLayout Android:layout_width="10px" Android:layout_height="40px" Android:background="#F00"/>
    <FrameLayout Android:layout_width="40px" Android:layout_height="40px" Android:background="#F00"/>
    <FrameLayout Android:layout_width="40px" Android:layout_height="40px" Android:background="#F00"/>
    <FrameLayout Android:layout_width="40px" Android:layout_height="40px" Android:background="#F00"/>
</com.asolutions.widget.RowLayout>
43
Micah Hainline

Das Android-Flowlayout Projekt von ApmeM-Support bricht ebenfalls ab.

enter image description here

16
Mohsen Afshin

Hier ist meine vereinfachte Nur-Code-Version:

    package com.superliminal.Android.util;

    import Android.content.Context;
    import Android.util.AttributeSet;
    import Android.view.View;
    import Android.view.ViewGroup;


    /**
     * A view container with layout behavior like that of the Swing FlowLayout.
     * Originally from http://nishantvnair.wordpress.com/2010/09/28/flowlayout-in-Android/ itself derived from
     * http://stackoverflow.com/questions/549451/line-breaking-widget-layout-for-Android
     *
     * @author Melinda Green
     */
    public class FlowLayout extends ViewGroup {
        private final static int PAD_H = 2, PAD_V = 2; // Space between child views.
        private int mHeight;

        public FlowLayout(Context context) {
            super(context);
        }

        public FlowLayout(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
            super(context, attrs);
        }

        @Override
        protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) {
            assert (MeasureSpec.getMode(widthMeasureSpec) != MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);
            final int width = MeasureSpec.getSize(widthMeasureSpec) - getPaddingLeft() - getPaddingRight();
            int height = MeasureSpec.getSize(heightMeasureSpec) - getPaddingTop() - getPaddingBottom();
            final int count = getChildCount();
            int xpos = getPaddingLeft();
            int ypos = getPaddingTop();
            int childHeightMeasureSpec;
            if(MeasureSpec.getMode(heightMeasureSpec) == MeasureSpec.AT_MOST)
                childHeightMeasureSpec = MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(height, MeasureSpec.AT_MOST);
            else
                childHeightMeasureSpec = MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0, MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);
            mHeight = 0;
            for(int i = 0; i < count; i++) {
                final View child = getChildAt(i);
                if(child.getVisibility() != GONE) {
                    child.measure(MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(width, MeasureSpec.AT_MOST), childHeightMeasureSpec);
                    final int childw = child.getMeasuredWidth();
                    mHeight = Math.max(mHeight, child.getMeasuredHeight() + PAD_V);
                    if(xpos + childw > width) {
                        xpos = getPaddingLeft();
                        ypos += mHeight;
                    }
                    xpos += childw + PAD_H;
                }
            }
            if(MeasureSpec.getMode(heightMeasureSpec) == MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED) {
                height = ypos + mHeight;
            } else if(MeasureSpec.getMode(heightMeasureSpec) == MeasureSpec.AT_MOST) {
                if(ypos + mHeight < height) {
                    height = ypos + mHeight;
                }
            }
            height += 5; // Fudge to avoid clipping bottom of last row.
            setMeasuredDimension(width, height);
        } // end onMeasure()

        @Override
        protected void onLayout(boolean changed, int l, int t, int r, int b) {
            final int width = r - l;
            int xpos = getPaddingLeft();
            int ypos = getPaddingTop();
            for(int i = 0; i < getChildCount(); i++) {
                final View child = getChildAt(i);
                if(child.getVisibility() != GONE) {
                    final int childw = child.getMeasuredWidth();
                    final int childh = child.getMeasuredHeight();
                    if(xpos + childw > width) {
                        xpos = getPaddingLeft();
                        ypos += mHeight;
                    }
                    child.layout(xpos, ypos, xpos + childw, ypos + childh);
                    xpos += childw + PAD_H;
                }
            }
        } // end onLayout()

    }
11
Melinda Green

Es gibt ein Problem mit der ersten Antwort:

child.measure(
    MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(width, MeasureSpec.AT_MOST),
    MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(height, MeasureSpec.AT_MOST));

In einer ListView wird den Listenelementen beispielsweise eine heightMeasureSpec von 0 (UNSPECIFIED) übergeben. Daher wird hier die MeasureSpec von Größe 0 (AT_MOST) an alle untergeordneten Elemente übergeben. Dies bedeutet, dass das gesamte PredicateLayout unsichtbar ist (Höhe 0).

Als schnelle Lösung habe ich die Größe des Kindes MeasureSpec folgendermaßen geändert:

int childHeightMeasureSpec;
if (MeasureSpec.getMode(heightMeasureSpec) == MeasureSpec.AT_MOST) {
    childHeightMeasureSpec =
        MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(height, MeasureSpec.AT_MOST);
}
else {
    childHeightMeasureSpec = 
        MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0, MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);            
}

und dann

child.measure(MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(width, MeasureSpec.AT_MOST), 
    childHeightMeasureSpec);

das scheint für mich zu funktionieren, obwohl es nicht mit dem EXAKT-Modus zurechtkommt, der viel kniffliger wäre.

7
Mark

Meine leicht modifizierte Version basiert auf hier zuvor geposteten:

  • Es funktioniert im Eclipse-Layout-Editor
  • Alle Elemente werden horizontal zentriert

    import Android.content.Context;
    import Android.util.AttributeSet;
    import Android.view.View;
    import Android.view.ViewGroup;
    
    public class FlowLayout extends ViewGroup {
    
    private int line_height;
    
    public static class LayoutParams extends ViewGroup.LayoutParams {
    
        public final int horizontal_spacing;
        public final int vertical_spacing;
    
        /**
         * @param horizontal_spacing Pixels between items, horizontally
         * @param vertical_spacing Pixels between items, vertically
         */
        public LayoutParams(int horizontal_spacing, int vertical_spacing, ViewGroup.LayoutParams viewGroupLayout) {
            super(viewGroupLayout);
            this.horizontal_spacing = horizontal_spacing;
            this.vertical_spacing = vertical_spacing;
        }
    
        /**
         * @param horizontal_spacing Pixels between items, horizontally
         * @param vertical_spacing Pixels between items, vertically
         */
        public LayoutParams(int horizontal_spacing, int vertical_spacing) {
            super(0, 0);
            this.horizontal_spacing = horizontal_spacing;
            this.vertical_spacing = vertical_spacing;
        }
    }
    
    public FlowLayout(Context context) {
        super(context);
    }
    
    public FlowLayout(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super(context, attrs);
    }
    
    @Override
    protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) {
        assert (MeasureSpec.getMode(widthMeasureSpec) != MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);
    
        final int width = MeasureSpec.getSize(widthMeasureSpec) - getPaddingLeft() - getPaddingRight();
        int height = MeasureSpec.getSize(heightMeasureSpec) - getPaddingTop() - getPaddingBottom();
        final int count = getChildCount();
        int line_height = 0;
    
        int xpos = getPaddingLeft();
        int ypos = getPaddingTop();
    
        int childHeightMeasureSpec;
        if (MeasureSpec.getMode(heightMeasureSpec) == MeasureSpec.AT_MOST) {
            childHeightMeasureSpec = MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(height, MeasureSpec.AT_MOST);
        } else {
            childHeightMeasureSpec = MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0, MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);
        }
    
    
        for (int i = 0; i < count; i++) {
            final View child = getChildAt(i);
            if (child.getVisibility() != GONE) {
                final LayoutParams lp = (LayoutParams) child.getLayoutParams();
                child.measure(MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(width, MeasureSpec.AT_MOST), childHeightMeasureSpec);
                final int childw = child.getMeasuredWidth();
                line_height = Math.max(line_height, child.getMeasuredHeight() + lp.vertical_spacing);
    
                if (xpos + childw > width) {
                    xpos = getPaddingLeft();
                    ypos += line_height;
                }
    
                xpos += childw + lp.horizontal_spacing;
            }
        }
        this.line_height = line_height;
    
        if (MeasureSpec.getMode(heightMeasureSpec) == MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED) {
            height = ypos + line_height;
    
        } else if (MeasureSpec.getMode(heightMeasureSpec) == MeasureSpec.AT_MOST) {
            if (ypos + line_height < height) {
                height = ypos + line_height;
            }
        }
        setMeasuredDimension(width, height);
    }
    
    @Override
    protected ViewGroup.LayoutParams generateDefaultLayoutParams() {
        return new LayoutParams(1, 1); // default of 1px spacing
    }
    
    @Override
    protected Android.view.ViewGroup.LayoutParams generateLayoutParams(
            Android.view.ViewGroup.LayoutParams p) {
        return new LayoutParams(1, 1, p);
    }
    
    @Override
    protected boolean checkLayoutParams(ViewGroup.LayoutParams p) {
        if (p instanceof LayoutParams) {
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    }
    
    @Override
    protected void onLayout(boolean changed, int l, int t, int r, int b) {
        final int count = getChildCount();
        final int width = r - l;
        int xpos = getPaddingLeft();
        int ypos = getPaddingTop();
    
        int lastHorizontalSpacing = 0;
        int rowStartIdx = 0;
    
        for (int i = 0; i < count; i++) {
            final View child = getChildAt(i);
            if (child.getVisibility() != GONE) {
                final int childw = child.getMeasuredWidth();
                final int childh = child.getMeasuredHeight();
                final LayoutParams lp = (LayoutParams) child.getLayoutParams();
                if (xpos + childw > width) {
                    final int freeSpace = width - xpos + lastHorizontalSpacing;
                    xpos = getPaddingLeft() + freeSpace / 2;
    
                    for (int j = rowStartIdx; j < i; ++j) {
                        final View drawChild = getChildAt(j);
                        drawChild.layout(xpos, ypos, xpos + drawChild.getMeasuredWidth(), ypos + drawChild.getMeasuredHeight());
                        xpos += drawChild.getMeasuredWidth() + ((LayoutParams)drawChild.getLayoutParams()).horizontal_spacing;
                    }
    
                    lastHorizontalSpacing = 0;
                    xpos = getPaddingLeft();
                    ypos += line_height;
                    rowStartIdx = i;
                } 
    
                child.layout(xpos, ypos, xpos + childw, ypos + childh);
                xpos += childw + lp.horizontal_spacing;
                lastHorizontalSpacing = lp.horizontal_spacing;
            }
        }
    
        if (rowStartIdx < count) {
            final int freeSpace = width - xpos + lastHorizontalSpacing;
            xpos = getPaddingLeft() + freeSpace / 2;
    
            for (int j = rowStartIdx; j < count; ++j) {
                final View drawChild = getChildAt(j);
                drawChild.layout(xpos, ypos, xpos + drawChild.getMeasuredWidth(), ypos + drawChild.getMeasuredHeight());
                xpos += drawChild.getMeasuredWidth() + ((LayoutParams)drawChild.getLayoutParams()).horizontal_spacing;
            }
        }
    }
    }
    

Ich habe dieses Beispiel aktualisiert, um einen Fehler zu beheben. Jetzt kann jede Zeile eine andere Höhe haben!

import Android.content.Context;
import Android.util.AttributeSet;
import Android.view.View;
import Android.view.ViewGroup;

/**
 * ViewGroup that arranges child views in a similar way to text, with them laid
 * out one line at a time and "wrapping" to the next line as needed.
 * 
 * Code licensed under CC-by-SA
 *  
 * @author Henrik Gustafsson
 * @see http://stackoverflow.com/questions/549451/line-breaking-widget-layout-for-Android
 * @license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5/
 *
 * Updated by Aurélien Guillard
 * Each line can have a different height
 * 
 */
public class FlowLayout extends ViewGroup {

    public static class LayoutParams extends ViewGroup.LayoutParams {

        public final int horizontal_spacing;
        public final int vertical_spacing;

        /**
         * @param horizontal_spacing Pixels between items, horizontally
         * @param vertical_spacing Pixels between items, vertically
         */
        public LayoutParams(int horizontal_spacing, int vertical_spacing) {
            super(0, 0);
            this.horizontal_spacing = horizontal_spacing;
            this.vertical_spacing = vertical_spacing;
        }
    }

    public FlowLayout(Context context) {
        super(context);
    }

    public FlowLayout(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super(context, attrs);
    }

    @Override
    protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) {
        assert (MeasureSpec.getMode(widthMeasureSpec) != MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);

        final int width = MeasureSpec.getSize(widthMeasureSpec) - getPaddingLeft() - getPaddingRight();

        int height = MeasureSpec.getSize(heightMeasureSpec) - getPaddingTop() - getPaddingBottom();
        final int count = getChildCount();
        int line_height = 0;

        int xpos = getPaddingLeft();
        int ypos = getPaddingTop();

        int childHeightMeasureSpec;

        if (MeasureSpec.getMode(heightMeasureSpec) == MeasureSpec.AT_MOST) {
            childHeightMeasureSpec = MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(height, MeasureSpec.AT_MOST);

        } else if (MeasureSpec.getMode(heightMeasureSpec) == MeasureSpec.EXACTLY) {
            childHeightMeasureSpec = MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(height, MeasureSpec.EXACTLY);

        } else {
            childHeightMeasureSpec = MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0, MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);
        }

        for (int i = 0; i < count; i++) {
            final View child = getChildAt(i);
            if (child.getVisibility() != GONE) {
                final LayoutParams lp = (LayoutParams) child.getLayoutParams();
                child.measure(MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(width, MeasureSpec.AT_MOST), childHeightMeasureSpec);
                final int childw = child.getMeasuredWidth();

                if (xpos + childw > width) {
                    xpos = getPaddingLeft();
                    ypos += line_height;
                }

                xpos += childw + lp.horizontal_spacing;
                line_height = child.getMeasuredHeight() + lp.vertical_spacing;
            }
        }

        if (MeasureSpec.getMode(heightMeasureSpec) == MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED) {
            height = ypos + line_height;

        } else if (MeasureSpec.getMode(heightMeasureSpec) == MeasureSpec.AT_MOST) {
            if (ypos + line_height < height) {
                height = ypos + line_height;
            }
        }
        setMeasuredDimension(width, height);
    }

    @Override
    protected ViewGroup.LayoutParams generateDefaultLayoutParams() {
        return new LayoutParams(1, 1); // default of 1px spacing
    }

    @Override
    protected boolean checkLayoutParams(ViewGroup.LayoutParams p) {
        if (p instanceof LayoutParams) {
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    }

    @Override
    protected void onLayout(boolean changed, int l, int t, int r, int b) {
        final int count = getChildCount();
        final int width = r - l;
        int xpos = getPaddingLeft();
        int ypos = getPaddingTop();
        int lineHeight = 0;

        for (int i = 0; i < count; i++) {
            final View child = getChildAt(i);
            if (child.getVisibility() != GONE) {
                final int childw = child.getMeasuredWidth();
                final int childh = child.getMeasuredHeight();
                final LayoutParams lp = (LayoutParams) child.getLayoutParams();

                if (xpos + childw > width) {
                    xpos = getPaddingLeft();
                    ypos += lineHeight;
                }

                lineHeight = child.getMeasuredHeight() + lp.vertical_spacing;

                child.layout(xpos, ypos, xpos + childw, ypos + childh);
                xpos += childw + lp.horizontal_spacing;
            }
        }
    }
}
3
    LinearLayout row = new LinearLayout(this);

    //get the size of the screen
    Display display = getWindowManager().getDefaultDisplay();
    this.screenWidth = display.getWidth();  // deprecated

    for(int i=0; i<this.users.length; i++) {

        row.setLayoutParams(new LayoutParams(LayoutParams.MATCH_PARENT, LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT));

        this.tag_button = new Button(this);
        this.tag_button.setLayoutParams(new LayoutParams(LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT, 70));
        //get the size of the button text
        Paint mPaint = new Paint();
        mPaint.setAntiAlias(true);
        mPaint.setTextSize(tag_button.getTextSize());
        mPaint.setTypeface(Typeface.create(Typeface.SERIF, Typeface.NORMAL));
        float size = mPaint.measureText(tag_button.getText().toString(), 0, tag_button.getText().toString().length());
        size = size+28;
        this.totalTextWidth += size;

        if(totalTextWidth < screenWidth) {
            row.addView(tag_button);
        } else {
            this.tags.addView(row);
            row = new LinearLayout(this);
            row.setLayoutParams(new LayoutParams(LayoutParams.MATCH_PARENT, LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT));
            row.addView(tag_button);
            this.totalTextWidth = size;
        }
    }
1

Einige der verschiedenen Antworten hier geben mir ein ClassCastException im Exclipse-Layout-Editor. In meinem Fall wollte ich ViewGroup.MarginLayoutParams verwenden, anstatt meine eigenen zu erstellen. Stellen Sie in beiden Fällen sicher, dass Sie die Instanz von LayoutParams, die Ihre benutzerdefinierte Layoutklasse benötigt, in generateLayoutParams zurückgeben. So sieht meine aus, ersetze einfach MarginLayoutParams durch die, die deine ViewGroup benötigt:

@Override
public LayoutParams generateLayoutParams(AttributeSet attrs) {
    return new MarginLayoutParams(getContext(), attrs);
}

@Override
protected boolean checkLayoutParams(ViewGroup.LayoutParams p) {
    return p instanceof MarginLayoutParams;
}

Offenbar wird diese Methode aufgerufen, um jedem untergeordneten Objekt in der ViewGroup ein LayoutParams-Objekt zuzuweisen.

1
Henry

Ich habe einige der obigen Oden angepasst und ein Flow-Layout implementiert, bei dem alle untergeordneten Ansichten horizontal und vertikal zentriert sind. Es passt zu meinen Bedürfnissen.

public class CenteredFlowLayout extends ViewGroup {

  private int lineHeight;

  private int centricHeightPadding;

  private final int halfGap;

  public static final List<View> LINE_CHILDREN = new ArrayList<View>();

  public static class LayoutParams extends ViewGroup.LayoutParams {

    public final int horizontalSpacing;

    public final int verticalSpacing;

    public LayoutParams(int horizontalSpacing, int verticalSpacing) {
      super(0, 0);
      this.horizontalSpacing = horizontalSpacing;
      this.verticalSpacing = verticalSpacing;
    }
  }

  public CenteredFlowLayout(Context context) {
    super(context);
    halfGap = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(R.dimen.half_gap);
  }

  @Override
  protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) {
    final int width = MeasureSpec.getSize(widthMeasureSpec) - getPaddingLeft() - getPaddingRight();
    int height = MeasureSpec.getSize(heightMeasureSpec) - getPaddingTop() - getPaddingBottom();
    final int maxHeight = MeasureSpec.getSize(heightMeasureSpec) - getPaddingTop() - getPaddingBottom();
    final int count = getChildCount();
    int lineHeight = 0;

    int xAxis = getPaddingLeft();
    int yAxis = getPaddingTop();

    int childHeightMeasureSpec;
    if (MeasureSpec.getMode(heightMeasureSpec) == MeasureSpec.AT_MOST) {
      childHeightMeasureSpec = MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(height, MeasureSpec.AT_MOST);
    } else {
      childHeightMeasureSpec = MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0, MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);
    }

    for (int i = 0; i < count; i++) {
      final View child = getChildAt(i);
      if (child.getVisibility() != GONE) {
        final CentricFlowLayout.LayoutParams lp = (LayoutParams) child.getLayoutParams();
        child.measure(MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(width, MeasureSpec.AT_MOST), childHeightMeasureSpec);
        final int childMeasuredWidth = child.getMeasuredWidth();
        lineHeight = Math.max(lineHeight, child.getMeasuredHeight() + lp.verticalSpacing);

        if (xAxis + childMeasuredWidth > width) {
          xAxis = getPaddingLeft();
          yAxis += lineHeight;
        } else if (i + 1 == count) {
          yAxis += lineHeight;
        }

        xAxis += childMeasuredWidth + lp.horizontalSpacing;
      }
    }
    this.lineHeight = lineHeight;

    if (MeasureSpec.getMode(heightMeasureSpec) == MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED) {
      height = yAxis + lineHeight;
    } else if (MeasureSpec.getMode(heightMeasureSpec) == MeasureSpec.AT_MOST) {
      if (yAxis + lineHeight < height) {
        height = yAxis + lineHeight;
      }
    }
    if (maxHeight == 0) {
      maxHeight = height + getPaddingTop();
    }
    centricHeightPadding = (maxHeight - height) / 2;
    setMeasuredDimension(width, disableCenterVertical ? height + getPaddingTop() : maxHeight);
  }

  @Override
  protected CentricFlowLayout.LayoutParams generateDefaultLayoutParams() {
    return new CentricFlowLayout.LayoutParams(halfGap, halfGap);
  }

  @Override
  protected boolean checkLayoutParams(ViewGroup.LayoutParams p) {
    if (p instanceof LayoutParams) {
      return true;
    }
    return false;
  }

  @Override
  protected void onLayout(boolean changed, int l, int t, int r, int b) {
    final int count = getChildCount();
    final int width = r - l;
    int yAxis = centricHeightPadding + getPaddingTop() + getPaddingBottom();
    View child;
    int measuredWidth;
    int lineWidth = getPaddingLeft() + getPaddingRight();
    CentricFlowLayout.LayoutParams lp;
    int offset;
    LINE_CHILDREN.clear();
    for (int i = 0; i < count; i++) {
      child = getChildAt(i);
      lp = (LayoutParams) child.getLayoutParams();
      if (GONE != child.getVisibility()) {
        measuredWidth = child.getMeasuredWidth();
        if (lineWidth + measuredWidth + lp.horizontalSpacing > width) {
          offset = (width - lineWidth) / 2;
          layoutHorizontalCentricLine(LINE_CHILDREN, offset, yAxis);
          lineWidth = getPaddingLeft() + getPaddingRight() + measuredWidth + lp.horizontalSpacing;
          yAxis += lineHeight;
          LINE_CHILDREN.clear();
          LINE_CHILDREN.add(child);
        } else {
          lineWidth += measuredWidth + lp.horizontalSpacing;
          LINE_CHILDREN.add(child);
        }
      }
    }
    offset = (width - lineWidth) / 2;
    layoutHorizontalCentricLine(LINE_CHILDREN, offset, yAxis);
  }

  private void layoutHorizontalCentricLine(final List<View> children, final int offset, final int yAxis) {
    int xAxis = getPaddingLeft() + getPaddingRight() + offset;
    for (View child : children) {
      final int measuredWidth = child.getMeasuredWidth();
      final int measuredHeight = child.getMeasuredHeight();
      final CentricFlowLayout.LayoutParams lp = (LayoutParams) child.getLayoutParams();
      child.layout(xAxis, yAxis, xAxis + measuredWidth, yAxis + measuredHeight);
      xAxis += measuredWidth + lp.horizontalSpacing;
    }
  }    
}
1
Thomas R.

Versuchen Sie, beide LayoutParams von lp auf WRAP_CONTENT Zu setzen.

Das Setzen von mlp auf WRAP_CONTENT, WRAP_CONTENT Stellt sicher, dass Ihre TextView (s) t gerade breit und groß genug sind, um "Hallo" aufzunehmen msgstr "" "oder welche Zeichenfolge Sie in sie einfügen. Ich denke, l weiß vielleicht nicht, wie breit Ihre t sind. Die setSingleLine(true) kann ebenfalls einen Beitrag leisten.

0
Will