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UIView-Touch-Ereignis im Controller

Wie kann ich die UIView-Touchbegin-Aktion oder die Touchend-Aktion programmgesteuert hinzufügen, da Xcode nicht von Main.storyboard bereitgestellt wird?

59
dhaval shah

Sie müssen es durch Code hinzufügen. Versuche dies: 

    // 1.create UIView programmetically
    var myView = UIView(frame: CGRectMake(100, 100, 100, 100))
    // 2.add myView to UIView hierarchy
    self.view.addSubview(myView) 
    // 3. add action to myView
    let gesture = UITapGestureRecognizer(target: self, action: "someAction:")
    // or for Swift 2 +
    let gestureSwift2AndHigher = UITapGestureRecognizer(target: self, action:  #selector (self.someAction (_:)))
    self.myView.addGestureRecognizer(gesture)

    func someAction(sender:UITapGestureRecognizer){     
       // do other task
    }

    // or for Swift 3
    func someAction(_ sender:UITapGestureRecognizer){     
       // do other task
    }

    // or for Swift 4
    @objc func someAction(_ sender:UITapGestureRecognizer){     
       // do other task
    }
112
Miknash

Update für Swift 4:

let gesture = UITapGestureRecognizer(target: self, action:  #selector(self.checkAction))
self.myView.addGestureRecognizer(gesture)

@objc func checkAction(sender : UITapGestureRecognizer) {
    // Do what you want
}

Update für Swift 3:

let gesture = UITapGestureRecognizer(target: self, action:  #selector(self.checkAction(sender:)))
self.myView.addGestureRecognizer(gesture)

func checkAction(sender : UITapGestureRecognizer) {
    // Do what you want
}
39
ventuz

Aktualisieren von @ Crashalots Antwort für Swift 3.x:

override func touchesBegan(_ touches: Set<UITouch>, with event: UIEvent?) {
    if let touch = touches.first {
        let currentPoint = touch.location(in: self)
        // do something with your currentPoint
    }
}

override func touchesMoved(_ touches: Set<UITouch>, with event: UIEvent?) {
    if let touch = touches.first {
        let currentPoint = touch.location(in: self)
        // do something with your currentPoint
    }
}

override func touchesEnded(_ touches: Set<UITouch>, with event: UIEvent?) {
    if let touch = touches.first {
        let currentPoint = touch.location(in: self)
        // do something with your currentPoint
    }
}
19
stevo.mit

Aktualisieren der Antwort von @ Chackle für Swift 2.x:

override func touchesBegan(touches: Set<UITouch>, withEvent event: UIEvent?) {
    if let touch = touches.first {
        let currentPoint = touch.locationInView(self)
        // do something with your currentPoint
    }
}

override func touchesMoved(touches: Set<UITouch>, withEvent event: UIEvent?) {
    if let touch = touches.first {
        let currentPoint = touch.locationInView(self)
        // do something with your currentPoint
    }
}

override func touchesEnded(touches: Set<UITouch>, withEvent event: UIEvent?) {
    if let touch = touches.first {
        let currentPoint = touch.locationInView(self)
        // do something with your currentPoint
    }
}
16
Crashalot

Fügen Sie dies in Ihre UIView-Unterklasse ein (am einfachsten, wenn Sie für diese Funktionalität eine Unterklasse erstellen).

class YourView: UIView {

  //Define your initialisers here

  override func touchesBegan(touches: Set<NSObject>, withEvent event: UIEvent) {
    if let touch = touches.first as? UITouch {
      let currentPoint = touch.locationInView(self)
      // do something with your currentPoint
    }
  }

  override func touchesMoved(touches: Set<NSObject>, withEvent event: UIEvent) {
    if let touch = touches.first as? UITouch {
      let currentPoint = touch.locationInView(self)
      // do something with your currentPoint
    }
  }

  override func touchesEnded(touches: Set<NSObject>, withEvent event: UIEvent) {
    if let touch = touches.first as? UITouch {
      let currentPoint = touch.locationInView(self)
      // do something with your currentPoint
    }
  }
}
6
Chackle

Für Swift 4

@IBOutlet weak var someView: UIView!  
let gesture = UITapGestureRecognizer(target: self, action:  #selector (self.someAction (_:)))
self.someView.addGestureRecognizer(gesture)

@objc func someAction(_ sender:UITapGestureRecognizer){
    print("view was clicked")
}
5
DevB2F

Nur ein Update zu den obigen Antworten:

Wenn Sie Änderungen im Klickereignis sehen möchten, d. H. Die Farbe Ihrer UIVIew-Änderung, wenn der Benutzer auf die UIView klickt, nehmen Sie die folgenden Änderungen vor ...

class ClickableUIView: UIView {
    override func touchesBegan(touches: Set<UITouch>, withEvent event: UIEvent?) {
            if let touch = touches.first {
                let currentPoint = touch.locationInView(self)
                // do something with your currentPoint
            }

            self.backgroundColor = UIColor.magentaColor()//Color when UIView is clicked.
        }

        override func touchesMoved(touches: Set<UITouch>, withEvent event: UIEvent?) {
            if let touch = touches.first {
                let currentPoint = touch.locationInView(self)
                // do something with your currentPoint
            }

            self.backgroundColor = UIColor.magentaColor()//Color when UIView is clicked.
        }

        override func touchesEnded(touches: Set<UITouch>, withEvent event: UIEvent?) {
            if let touch = touches.first {
                let currentPoint = touch.locationInView(self)
                // do something with your currentPoint
            }

            self.backgroundColor = UIColor.whiteColor()//Color when UIView is not clicked.

}//class closes here

Rufen Sie diese Klasse auch von Storyboard & ViewController aus als:

@IBOutlet weak var panVerificationUIView:ClickableUIView!
1
Pawan

Swift 4.2:

@IBOutlet weak var viewLabel1: UIView!
@IBOutlet weak var viewLabel2: UIView!
  override func viewDidLoad() {
    super.viewDidLoad()

    let myView = UITapGestureRecognizer(target: self, action: #selector(someAction(_:)))
    self.viewLabel1.addGestureRecognizer(myView)
}

 @objc func someAction(_ sender:UITapGestureRecognizer){
   viewLabel2.isHidden = true
 }
1
Hiền Đỗ

sie können diesen Weg verwenden: Erweiterung erstellen 

extension UIView {

    func addTapGesture(action : @escaping ()->Void ){
        let tap = MyTapGestureRecognizer(target: self , action: #selector(self.handleTap(_:)))
        tap.action = action
        tap.numberOfTapsRequired = 1

        self.addGestureRecognizer(tap)
        self.isUserInteractionEnabled = true

    }
    @objc func handleTap(_ sender: MyTapGestureRecognizer) {
        sender.action!()
    }
}

class MyTapGestureRecognizer: UITapGestureRecognizer {
    var action : (()->Void)? = nil
}

und benutze diesen Weg:

@IBOutlet weak var testView: UIView!
testView.addTapGesture{
   // ...
}
0
Rasoul Miri

Erstellen Sie Verkaufsstellen aus Ansichten, die in StoryBoard erstellt wurden.

@IBOutlet weak var redView: UIView!
@IBOutlet weak var orangeView: UIView!
@IBOutlet weak var greenView: UIView!   

Überschreiben Sie die touchesBegan-Methode. Es gibt 2 Optionen, jeder kann bestimmen, welche für ihn besser ist.

  1. Berührungen in der speziellen Ansicht erkennen.

    override func touchesBegan(_ touches: Set<UITouch>, with event: UIEvent?) {
         if let touch = touches.first {
            if touch.view == self.redView {
                tapOnredViewTapped()
            } else if touch.view == self.orangeView {
                orangeViewTapped()
            } else if touch.view == self.greenView {
                greenViewTapped()
            } else {
                return
            }
        }
    
    }
    
  2. Berührungspunkt in der speziellen Ansicht erkennen.

    override func touchesBegan(_ touches: Set<UITouch>, with event: UIEvent?) {
        if let touch = touches.first {
            let location = touch.location(in: view)
            if redView.frame.contains(location) {
                redViewTapped()
            } else if orangeView.frame.contains(location) {
                orangeViewTapped()
            } else if greenView.frame.contains(location) {
                greenViewTapped()
            }
        }
    
    }
    

Zum Schluss müssen Sie die Funktionen angeben, die aufgerufen werden sollen, je nachdem, auf welche Ansicht der Benutzer geklickt hat.

func redViewTapped() {
    print("redViewTapped")
}

func orangeViewTapped() {
    print("orangeViewTapped")
}

func greenViewTapped() {
    print("greenViewTapped")
}
0
iAleksandr

Aktualisieren der Antwort von @ stevo.mit für Swift 4.x:

override func touchesBegan(_ touches: Set<UITouch>, with event: UIEvent?) {
    if let touch = touches.first {
        let currentPoint = touch.location(in: self.view)
        // do something with your currentPoint
    }
}

override func touchesMoved(_ touches: Set<UITouch>, with event: UIEvent?) {
    if let touch = touches.first {
        let currentPoint = touch.location(in: self.view)
        // do something with your currentPoint
    }
}

override func touchesEnded(_ touches: Set<UITouch>, with event: UIEvent?) {
    if let touch = touches.first {
        let currentPoint = touch.location(in: self.view)
        // do something with your currentPoint
    }
}
0
Jacob Ahlberg