wake-up-neo.net

cSRF-Fehler "codeigniter": "Die von Ihnen angeforderte Aktion ist nicht zulässig."

ich habe die Option csrf_protection in der Konfigurationsdatei von codeigniter aktiviert und die form_open () - Funktion zum Erstellen meiner Formulare verwendet. Aber wenn ich das Formular absende, tritt dieser Fehler auf:

The action you have requested is not allowed.

ich habe die Antworten wie dieses Thema gemacht (taht hängt am meisten mit meiner Frage zusammen): question

aber sie funktionierten nicht und das Problem bleibt bestehen .. _. config.php

<?php  if ( ! defined('BASEPATH')) exit('No direct script access allowed');

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Base Site URL
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| URL to your CodeIgniter root. Typically this will be your base URL,
| WITH a trailing slash:
|
|   http://example.com/
|
| If this is not set then CodeIgniter will guess the protocol, domain and
| path to your installation.
|
*/
$config['base_url'] = '';

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Index File
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| Typically this will be your index.php file, unless you've renamed it to
| something else. If you are using mod_rewrite to remove the page set this
| variable so that it is blank.
|
*/
$config['index_page'] = 'index.php';

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| URI PROTOCOL
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| This item determines which server global should be used to retrieve the
| URI string.  The default setting of 'AUTO' works for most servers.
| If your links do not seem to work, try one of the other delicious flavors:
|
| 'AUTO'            Default - auto detects
| 'PATH_INFO'       Uses the PATH_INFO
| 'QUERY_STRING'    Uses the QUERY_STRING
| 'REQUEST_URI'     Uses the REQUEST_URI
| 'ORIG_PATH_INFO'  Uses the ORIG_PATH_INFO
|
*/
$config['uri_protocol'] = 'AUTO';

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| URL suffix
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| This option allows you to add a suffix to all URLs generated by CodeIgniter.
| For more information please see the user guide:
|
| http://codeigniter.com/user_guide/general/urls.html
*/

$config['url_suffix'] = '';

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Default Language
|

--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| This determines which set of language files should be used. Make sure
| there is an available translation if you intend to use something other
| than english.
|
*/
$config['language'] = 'persian';

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Default Character Set
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| This determines which character set is used by default in various methods
| that require a character set to be provided.
|
*/
$config['charset'] = 'UTF-8';

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Enable/Disable System Hooks
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| If you would like to use the 'hooks' feature you must enable it by
| setting this variable to TRUE (boolean).  See the user guide for details.
|
*/
$config['enable_hooks'] = FALSE;


/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Class Extension Prefix
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| This item allows you to set the filename/classname prefix when extending
| native libraries.  For more information please see the user guide:
|
| http://codeigniter.com/user_guide/general/core_classes.html
| http://codeigniter.com/user_guide/general/creating_libraries.html
|
*/
$config['subclass_prefix'] = 'MY_';


/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Allowed URL Characters
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| This lets you specify with a regular expression which characters are permitted
| within your URLs.  When someone tries to submit a URL with disallowed
| characters they will get a warning message.
|
| As a security measure you are STRONGLY encouraged to restrict URLs to
| as few characters as possible.  By default only these are allowed: a-z 0-9~%.:_-
|
| Leave blank to allow all characters -- but only if you are insane.
|
| DO NOT CHANGE THIS UNLESS YOU FULLY UNDERSTAND THE REPERCUSSIONS!!
|
*/
$config['permitted_uri_chars'] = 'a-z 0-9~%.:_\-';


/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Enable Query Strings
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| By default CodeIgniter uses search-engine friendly segment based URLs:
| example.com/who/what/where/
|
| By default CodeIgniter enables access to the $_GET array.  If for some
| reason you would like to disable it, set 'allow_get_array' to FALSE.
|
| You can optionally enable standard query string based URLs:
| example.com?who=me&what=something&where=here
|
| Options are: TRUE or FALSE (boolean)
|
| The other items let you set the query string 'words' that will
| invoke your controllers and its functions:
| example.com/index.php?c=controller&m=function
|
| Please note that some of the helpers won't work as expected when
| this feature is enabled, since CodeIgniter is designed primarily to
| use segment based URLs.
|
*/
$config['allow_get_array']      = TRUE;
$config['enable_query_strings'] = FALSE;
$config['controller_trigger']   = 'c';
$config['function_trigger']     = 'm';
$config['directory_trigger']    = 'd'; // experimental not currently in use

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Error Logging Threshold
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| If you have enabled error logging, you can set an error threshold to
| determine what gets logged. Threshold options are:
| You can enable error logging by setting a threshold over zero. The
| threshold determines what gets logged. Threshold options are:
|
|   0 = Disables logging, Error logging TURNED OFF
|   1 = Error Messages (including PHP errors)
|   2 = Debug Messages
|   3 = Informational Messages
|   4 = All Messages
|
| For a live site you'll usually only enable Errors (1) to be logged otherwise
| your log files will fill up very fast.
|
*/
$config['log_threshold'] = 0;

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Error Logging Directory Path
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| Leave this BLANK unless you would like to set something other than the default
| application/logs/ folder. Use a full server path with trailing slash.
|
*/
$config['log_path'] = '';

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Date Format for Logs
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| Each item that is logged has an associated date. You can use PHP date
| codes to set your own date formatting
|
*/
$config['log_date_format'] = 'Y-m-d H:i:s';

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Cache Directory Path
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| Leave this BLANK unless you would like to set something other than the default
| system/cache/ folder.  Use a full server path with trailing slash.
|
*/
$config['cache_path'] = '';

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Encryption Key
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| If you use the Encryption class or the Session class you
| MUST set an encryption key.  See the user guide for info.
|
*/
$config['encryption_key'] = 'b{{h#/Ib;pd<%+H0?ujvv9KLRc0LR-o8ot"K*so.J&}4\qCQ+Ij81ih\d48fx5_';

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Session Variables
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| 'sess_cookie_name'        = the name you want for the cookie
| 'sess_expiration'         = the number of SECONDS you want the session to last.
|   by default sessions last 7200 seconds (two hours).  Set to zero for no expiration.
| 'sess_expire_on_close'    = Whether to cause the session to expire automatically
|   when the browser window is closed
| 'sess_encrypt_cookie'     = Whether to encrypt the cookie
| 'sess_use_database'       = Whether to save the session data to a database
| 'sess_table_name'         = The name of the session database table
| 'sess_match_ip'           = Whether to match the user's IP address when reading the session data
| 'sess_match_useragent'    = Whether to match the User Agent when reading the session data
| 'sess_time_to_update'     = how many seconds between CI refreshing Session Information
|
*/
$config['sess_cookie_name']     = 'ins_mngm_system';
$config['sess_expiration']      = 7200;
$config['sess_expire_on_close'] = TRUE;
$config['sess_encrypt_cookie']  = TRUE;
$config['sess_use_database']    = TRUE;
$config['sess_table_name']      = 'user_sessions';
$config['sess_match_ip']        = TRUE;
$config['sess_match_useragent'] = TRUE;
$config['sess_time_to_update']  = 300;

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Cookie Related Variables
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| 'cookie_prefix' = Set a prefix if you need to avoid collisions
| 'cookie_domain' = Set to .your-domain.com for site-wide cookies
| 'cookie_path'   =  Typically will be a forward slash
| 'cookie_secure' =  Cookies will only be set if a secure HTTPS connection exists.
|
*/
$config['cookie_prefix']    = "";
$config['cookie_domain']    = "";
$config['cookie_path']      = "/";
$config['cookie_secure']    = TRUE;

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Global XSS Filtering
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| Determines whether the XSS filter is always active when GET, POST or
| COOKIE data is encountered
|
*/
$config['global_xss_filtering'] = TRUE;

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Cross Site Request Forgery
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Enables a CSRF cookie token to be set. When set to TRUE, token will be
| checked on a submitted form. If you are accepting user data, it is strongly
| recommended CSRF protection be enabled.
|
| 'csrf_token_name' = The token name
| 'csrf_cookie_name' = The cookie name
| 'csrf_expire' = The number in seconds the token should expire.
*/
$config['csrf_protection'] = TRUE;
$config['csrf_token_name'] = 'relt';
$config['csrf_cookie_name'] = 'csrf_cookie_name';
$config['csrf_expire'] = 7200;

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Output Compression
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| Enables Gzip output compression for faster page loads.  When enabled,
| the output class will test whether your server supports Gzip.
| Even if it does, however, not all browsers support compression
| so enable only if you are reasonably sure your visitors can handle it.
|
| VERY IMPORTANT:  If you are getting a blank page when compression is enabled it
| means you are prematurely outputting something to your browser. It could
| even be a line of whitespace at the end of one of your scripts.  For
| compression to work, nothing can be sent before the output buffer is called
| by the output class.  Do not 'echo' any values with compression enabled.
|
*/
$config['compress_output'] = FALSE;

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Master Time Reference
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| Options are 'local' or 'gmt'.  This pref tells the system whether to use
| your server's local time as the master 'now' reference, or convert it to
| GMT.  See the 'date helper' page of the user guide for information
| regarding date handling.
|
*/
$config['time_reference'] = 'local';


/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Rewrite PHP Short Tags
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| If your PHP installation does not have short tag support enabled CI
| can rewrite the tags on-the-fly, enabling you to utilize that syntax
| in your view files.  Options are TRUE or FALSE (boolean)
|
*/
$config['rewrite_short_tags'] = FALSE;


/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Reverse Proxy IPs
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| If your server is behind a reverse proxy, you must whitelist the proxy IP
| addresses from which CodeIgniter should trust the HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR
| header in order to properly identify the visitor's IP address.
| Comma-delimited, e.g. '10.0.1.200,10.0.1.201'
|
*/
$config['proxy_ips'] = '';


/* End of file config.php */
/* Location: ./application/config/config.php */

controller (main.php):

<?php if ( ! defined('BASEPATH')) exit('No direct script access allowed');

class Main extends CI_Controller {
    //public function __construct()
    //{
    //  $this->load->controller('access_controll');
    //}
    public function index()
    {
            redirect('auth/login');
    }
    public function login()
    {

    }
    public function registration()
    {
        $this->load->view('register');
    }
    public function forgot()
    {

    }
}

/* End of file main.php */
/* Location: ./application/controllers/main.php */

view (login.php):

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
<meta name="description" content="">
<meta name="author" content="">
<link rel="shortcut icon" href="<?php echo base_url();?>template/img/favicon.png">
<title>ورود به حساب کاربری</title>

<!-- Bootstrap core CSS -->
<link href="<?php echo base_url();?>template/css/bootstrap.rtl.css" rel="stylesheet">

<!-- Custom styles for this template -->
<link href="<?php echo base_url();?>template/style.css" rel="stylesheet">

<!-- HTML5 shim and Respond.js IE8 support of HTML5 elements and media queries -->
<!--[if lt IE 9]>
      <script src="js/html5shiv.js"></script>
      <script src="js/respond.min.js"></script>
    <![endif]-->
</head>

<body id="login">
<div class="login-content">
  <div class="widget-content">
    <h1>سامانه مدیریت مشتریان</h1>
    <div class="alert alert-danger"><?php echo $message;?></div>
    <?php  echo form_open('auth/login', array('role'=>'form')); ?>
      <div class="form-group">
        <label for="identity">شناسه کاربری:</label>
        <div class="input-group"> <span class="input-group-addon"><i class="glyphicon glyphicon-user"></i></span>
          <?php  echo form_input(array('name'=>'identity', 'type'=>'text', 'placeholder'=>'نام کاربری یا ایمیل', 'class'=>'form-control', 'id'=>'identity')); ?>
        </div>
      </div>
      <div class="form-group">
        <label for="pass">گذرواژه:</label>
        <div class="input-group"> <span class="input-group-addon"><i class="glyphicon glyphicon-lock"></i></span>
          <?php  echo form_input(array('name'=>'pass', 'type'=>'password', 'placeholder'=>'گذرواژه', 'class'=>'form-control')); ?>
        </div>
      </div>
      <div class="checkbox">
      <div class="col-sm-offset-1 col-sm-12">
        <label>
          <?php echo form_checkbox(array('name'=>'remember', 'value'=>1, 'type'=>'checkbox')); ?>
          مرا به خاطر بسپار </label>
      </div>
      </div>
      <div class="form-group">
      <div class="col-sm-offset-1 col-sm-12">
      <input type="submit" class="btn btn-default" value="ورود" />
      </div>
      </div>
    <?php echo form_close(); ?>
    <div class="forgot">
      <ul class="list-unstyled">
        <li> <i class="glyphicon glyphicon-chevron-left"></i> <a href="<?php echo site_url("main/registration");?>">ایجاد حساب کاربری جدید</a> </li>
        <li> <i class="glyphicon glyphicon-chevron-left"></i> <a href="<?php echo site_url("main/forgot");?>">رمز عبور خود را فراموش کرده اید؟</a> </li>
      </ul>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>
<!-- /.container --> 

<!-- Bootstrap core JavaScript
    ================================================== --> 
<!-- Placed at the end of the document so the pages load faster --> 
<script src="js/jquery.js"></script> 
<script src="js/bootstrap.rtl.min.js"></script>
</body>
</html>
19
mojtaba

Das Problem gelöst durch diese Lösung:

setzen Sie $config['cookie_secure'] in der Konfigurationsdatei auf FALSE, wenn Sie HTTP verwenden.

16
mojtaba

Am einfachsten war es für mich, die URI in der Whitelist zu listen, wie in CodeIgniter User Guide ( hier ) erläutert.

Select-URIs können aus dem csrf-Schutz in die Positivliste aufgenommen werden (z. B. API-Endpunkte, die extern geposteten Inhalt erwarten). Sie können diese URIs hinzufügen, indem Sie den Konfigurationsparameter "csrf_exclude_uris" bearbeiten:

$config['csrf_exclude_uris'] = array('api/person/add');
11
Misho

Fügen Sie dies einfach in Ihr Formular ein und alles wird gut.

<input type="hidden" name="<?php echo $this->security->get_csrf_token_name();?>" value="<?php echo $this->security->get_csrf_hash();?>">
9
Waseem shah

Als alles andere fehlschlug, bemerkte ich, dass ich meine Cookie-Variablen gesetzt hatte, den Namen des Cookies entfernte usw. mein Problem behoben wurde.

2
Reese Nova

An alle, die alles ausprobiert haben, was hier vorgeschlagen wurde und dieses Problem immer noch hat.

Mein Problem war die Ablaufzeit des Cookies.

$config['csrf_expire'] = 7200;

Wenn der Cookie abläuft und der Benutzer versucht, ein Formular zu senden, wird der Fehler angezeigt

The action you have requested is not allowed.

Ich habe auf jeder Seite ein einfaches Javascript hinzugefügt, das das Problem für 99% Ihrer Benutzer behebt. (1% davon sind Benutzer, bei denen JS in ihrem Browser deaktiviert ist)

setInterval(function () {
  if(alert('Your session has expired!')){}
  else    window.location.reload(); 
}, 7200000);
2
Oldenborg

In config/config.php habe ich 

$config['csrf_token_name'] = 'my.token.name';

Wenn ich jedoch var_dump für $ _POST verwende, sehe ich:

 ["my_token_name"]=> string(32) "f5d78f8c8bb1800d10af59df8c302515"

CI ändere meinen csrf_token_name (sic!)

Lösung: Ich habe mich geändert

$config['csrf_token_name'] = 'my.token.name';

zu

$config['csrf_token_name'] = 'my_token_name';

Jetzt gehts.

2
Piotr Jańczak

In der Konfiguration, wenn Sie den Cookie-Domainnamen festgelegt haben

$config['cookie_domain']    = 'xyz.com';

und Sie navigieren mit localhost . Sie erhalten den Fehler 

Die angeforderte Aktion ist nicht erlaubt

Überprüfen Sie, ob es hilft

1
Navigator

wenn Sie in $config['csrf_protection'] = true; in der Konfigurationsdatei true zulassen, fügen Sie auch autoload form hinzu, das wir verwenden können. 

Schritt 1. innerhalb des Konfigurationsordners zum automatischen Laden der Datei

$autoload['helper'] = array('url', 'file','form');

Schritt 2.

$config['csrf_protection'] = true; 

Schritt 3. beim Hochladen in den Ansichtsordner 

<?php echo form_open_multipart('admin/file_upload'); ?>

Ansonsten können Sie nur verwenden

$config['csrf_protection'] = false;
1

Vergewissern Sie sich, dass Ihr BASE_URL mit der angezeigten URL übereinstimmt. Ich habe zwei Aliasnamen (einer wurde für oauth erstellt) und das Projekt funktioniert auf beiden Aliasnamen. CSRF schlägt jedoch fehl, wenn BASE_URL nicht mit der URL im Browser übereinstimmt.

0
Richard