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MIME-Typ von Dateinamenerweiterung abrufen

Wie kann ich den MIME-Typ von einer Dateierweiterung erhalten?

279
user34537

UPDATE

Das aktuelle Mapping mit Ergänzungen von vielen Mitwirkenden finden Sie in diesem GitHub-Repository:

https://github.com/samuelneff/MimeTypeMap


Ich habe festgestellt, dass viele MIME-Typen, die von meiner Anwendung verwendet werden, nicht in der Standard-Windows-Registrierung und andere in der Registrierung enthalten sind, aber nicht in der Liste, die in IIS enthalten ist. Ich habe aus diesen Standorten eine Liste zusammengestellt und einige weitere hinzugefügt, die wir verwenden.

BEARBEITEN: Sehen Sie die aktuellste Version mit den Beiträgen hier , einschließlich eines effizienten und deterministischen Zweiwegemappings.

private static IDictionary<string, string> _mappings = new Dictionary<string, string>(StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase) {

        #region Big freaking list of mime types
        // combination of values from Windows 7 Registry and 
        // from C:\Windows\System32\inetsrv\config\applicationHost.config
        // some added, including .7z and .dat
        {".323", "text/h323"},
        {".3g2", "video/3gpp2"},
        {".3gp", "video/3gpp"},
        {".3gp2", "video/3gpp2"},
        {".3gpp", "video/3gpp"},
        {".7z", "application/x-7z-compressed"},
        {".aa", "audio/audible"},
        {".AAC", "audio/aac"},
        {".aaf", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".aax", "audio/vnd.audible.aax"},
        {".ac3", "audio/ac3"},
        {".aca", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".accda", "application/msaccess.addin"},
        {".accdb", "application/msaccess"},
        {".accdc", "application/msaccess.cab"},
        {".accde", "application/msaccess"},
        {".accdr", "application/msaccess.runtime"},
        {".accdt", "application/msaccess"},
        {".accdw", "application/msaccess.webapplication"},
        {".accft", "application/msaccess.ftemplate"},
        {".acx", "application/internet-property-stream"},
        {".AddIn", "text/xml"},
        {".ade", "application/msaccess"},
        {".adobebridge", "application/x-bridge-url"},
        {".adp", "application/msaccess"},
        {".ADT", "audio/vnd.dlna.adts"},
        {".ADTS", "audio/aac"},
        {".afm", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".ai", "application/postscript"},
        {".aif", "audio/x-aiff"},
        {".aifc", "audio/aiff"},
        {".aiff", "audio/aiff"},
        {".air", "application/vnd.Adobe.air-application-installer-package+Zip"},
        {".amc", "application/x-mpeg"},
        {".application", "application/x-ms-application"},
        {".art", "image/x-jg"},
        {".asa", "application/xml"},
        {".asax", "application/xml"},
        {".ascx", "application/xml"},
        {".asd", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".asf", "video/x-ms-asf"},
        {".ashx", "application/xml"},
        {".asi", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".asm", "text/plain"},
        {".asmx", "application/xml"},
        {".aspx", "application/xml"},
        {".asr", "video/x-ms-asf"},
        {".asx", "video/x-ms-asf"},
        {".atom", "application/atom+xml"},
        {".au", "audio/basic"},
        {".avi", "video/x-msvideo"},
        {".axs", "application/olescript"},
        {".bas", "text/plain"},
        {".bcpio", "application/x-bcpio"},
        {".bin", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".bmp", "image/bmp"},
        {".c", "text/plain"},
        {".cab", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".caf", "audio/x-caf"},
        {".calx", "application/vnd.ms-office.calx"},
        {".cat", "application/vnd.ms-pki.seccat"},
        {".cc", "text/plain"},
        {".cd", "text/plain"},
        {".cdda", "audio/aiff"},
        {".cdf", "application/x-cdf"},
        {".cer", "application/x-x509-ca-cert"},
        {".chm", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".class", "application/x-Java-applet"},
        {".clp", "application/x-msclip"},
        {".cmx", "image/x-cmx"},
        {".cnf", "text/plain"},
        {".cod", "image/cis-cod"},
        {".config", "application/xml"},
        {".contact", "text/x-ms-contact"},
        {".coverage", "application/xml"},
        {".cpio", "application/x-cpio"},
        {".cpp", "text/plain"},
        {".crd", "application/x-mscardfile"},
        {".crl", "application/pkix-crl"},
        {".crt", "application/x-x509-ca-cert"},
        {".cs", "text/plain"},
        {".csdproj", "text/plain"},
        {".csh", "application/x-csh"},
        {".csproj", "text/plain"},
        {".css", "text/css"},
        {".csv", "text/csv"},
        {".cur", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".cxx", "text/plain"},
        {".dat", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".datasource", "application/xml"},
        {".dbproj", "text/plain"},
        {".dcr", "application/x-director"},
        {".def", "text/plain"},
        {".deploy", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".der", "application/x-x509-ca-cert"},
        {".dgml", "application/xml"},
        {".dib", "image/bmp"},
        {".dif", "video/x-dv"},
        {".dir", "application/x-director"},
        {".disco", "text/xml"},
        {".dll", "application/x-msdownload"},
        {".dll.config", "text/xml"},
        {".dlm", "text/dlm"},
        {".doc", "application/msword"},
        {".docm", "application/vnd.ms-Word.document.macroEnabled.12"},
        {".docx", "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document"},
        {".dot", "application/msword"},
        {".dotm", "application/vnd.ms-Word.template.macroEnabled.12"},
        {".dotx", "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.template"},
        {".dsp", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".dsw", "text/plain"},
        {".dtd", "text/xml"},
        {".dtsConfig", "text/xml"},
        {".dv", "video/x-dv"},
        {".dvi", "application/x-dvi"},
        {".dwf", "drawing/x-dwf"},
        {".dwp", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".dxr", "application/x-director"},
        {".eml", "message/rfc822"},
        {".emz", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".eot", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".eps", "application/postscript"},
        {".etl", "application/etl"},
        {".etx", "text/x-setext"},
        {".evy", "application/envoy"},
        {".exe", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".exe.config", "text/xml"},
        {".fdf", "application/vnd.fdf"},
        {".fif", "application/fractals"},
        {".filters", "Application/xml"},
        {".fla", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".flr", "x-world/x-vrml"},
        {".flv", "video/x-flv"},
        {".fsscript", "application/fsharp-script"},
        {".fsx", "application/fsharp-script"},
        {".generictest", "application/xml"},
        {".gif", "image/gif"},
        {".group", "text/x-ms-group"},
        {".gsm", "audio/x-gsm"},
        {".gtar", "application/x-gtar"},
        {".gz", "application/x-gzip"},
        {".h", "text/plain"},
        {".hdf", "application/x-hdf"},
        {".hdml", "text/x-hdml"},
        {".hhc", "application/x-oleobject"},
        {".hhk", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".hhp", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".hlp", "application/winhlp"},
        {".hpp", "text/plain"},
        {".hqx", "application/mac-binhex40"},
        {".hta", "application/hta"},
        {".htc", "text/x-component"},
        {".htm", "text/html"},
        {".html", "text/html"},
        {".htt", "text/webviewhtml"},
        {".hxa", "application/xml"},
        {".hxc", "application/xml"},
        {".hxd", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".hxe", "application/xml"},
        {".hxf", "application/xml"},
        {".hxh", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".hxi", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".hxk", "application/xml"},
        {".hxq", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".hxr", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".hxs", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".hxt", "text/html"},
        {".hxv", "application/xml"},
        {".hxw", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".hxx", "text/plain"},
        {".i", "text/plain"},
        {".ico", "image/x-icon"},
        {".ics", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".idl", "text/plain"},
        {".ief", "image/ief"},
        {".iii", "application/x-iphone"},
        {".inc", "text/plain"},
        {".inf", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".inl", "text/plain"},
        {".ins", "application/x-internet-signup"},
        {".ipa", "application/x-iTunes-ipa"},
        {".ipg", "application/x-iTunes-ipg"},
        {".ipproj", "text/plain"},
        {".ipsw", "application/x-iTunes-ipsw"},
        {".iqy", "text/x-ms-iqy"},
        {".isp", "application/x-internet-signup"},
        {".ite", "application/x-iTunes-ite"},
        {".itlp", "application/x-iTunes-itlp"},
        {".itms", "application/x-iTunes-itms"},
        {".itpc", "application/x-iTunes-itpc"},
        {".IVF", "video/x-ivf"},
        {".jar", "application/Java-archive"},
        {".Java", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".jck", "application/liquidmotion"},
        {".jcz", "application/liquidmotion"},
        {".jfif", "image/pjpeg"},
        {".jnlp", "application/x-Java-jnlp-file"},
        {".jpb", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".jpe", "image/jpeg"},
        {".jpeg", "image/jpeg"},
        {".jpg", "image/jpeg"},
        {".js", "application/x-javascript"},
        {".json", "application/json"},
        {".jsx", "text/jscript"},
        {".jsxbin", "text/plain"},
        {".latex", "application/x-latex"},
        {".library-ms", "application/windows-library+xml"},
        {".lit", "application/x-ms-reader"},
        {".loadtest", "application/xml"},
        {".lpk", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".lsf", "video/x-la-asf"},
        {".lst", "text/plain"},
        {".lsx", "video/x-la-asf"},
        {".lzh", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".m13", "application/x-msmediaview"},
        {".m14", "application/x-msmediaview"},
        {".m1v", "video/mpeg"},
        {".m2t", "video/vnd.dlna.mpeg-tts"},
        {".m2ts", "video/vnd.dlna.mpeg-tts"},
        {".m2v", "video/mpeg"},
        {".m3u", "audio/x-mpegurl"},
        {".m3u8", "audio/x-mpegurl"},
        {".m4a", "audio/m4a"},
        {".m4b", "audio/m4b"},
        {".m4p", "audio/m4p"},
        {".m4r", "audio/x-m4r"},
        {".m4v", "video/x-m4v"},
        {".mac", "image/x-macpaint"},
        {".mak", "text/plain"},
        {".man", "application/x-troff-man"},
        {".manifest", "application/x-ms-manifest"},
        {".map", "text/plain"},
        {".master", "application/xml"},
        {".mda", "application/msaccess"},
        {".mdb", "application/x-msaccess"},
        {".mde", "application/msaccess"},
        {".mdp", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".me", "application/x-troff-me"},
        {".mfp", "application/x-shockwave-flash"},
        {".mht", "message/rfc822"},
        {".mhtml", "message/rfc822"},
        {".mid", "audio/mid"},
        {".midi", "audio/mid"},
        {".mix", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".mk", "text/plain"},
        {".mmf", "application/x-smaf"},
        {".mno", "text/xml"},
        {".mny", "application/x-msmoney"},
        {".mod", "video/mpeg"},
        {".mov", "video/quicktime"},
        {".movie", "video/x-sgi-movie"},
        {".mp2", "video/mpeg"},
        {".mp2v", "video/mpeg"},
        {".mp3", "audio/mpeg"},
        {".mp4", "video/mp4"},
        {".mp4v", "video/mp4"},
        {".mpa", "video/mpeg"},
        {".mpe", "video/mpeg"},
        {".mpeg", "video/mpeg"},
        {".mpf", "application/vnd.ms-mediapackage"},
        {".mpg", "video/mpeg"},
        {".mpp", "application/vnd.ms-project"},
        {".mpv2", "video/mpeg"},
        {".mqv", "video/quicktime"},
        {".ms", "application/x-troff-ms"},
        {".msi", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".mso", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".mts", "video/vnd.dlna.mpeg-tts"},
        {".mtx", "application/xml"},
        {".mvb", "application/x-msmediaview"},
        {".mvc", "application/x-miva-compiled"},
        {".mxp", "application/x-mmxp"},
        {".nc", "application/x-netcdf"},
        {".nsc", "video/x-ms-asf"},
        {".nws", "message/rfc822"},
        {".ocx", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".oda", "application/oda"},
        {".odc", "text/x-ms-odc"},
        {".odh", "text/plain"},
        {".odl", "text/plain"},
        {".odp", "application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.presentation"},
        {".ods", "application/oleobject"},
        {".odt", "application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.text"},
        {".one", "application/onenote"},
        {".onea", "application/onenote"},
        {".onepkg", "application/onenote"},
        {".onetmp", "application/onenote"},
        {".onetoc", "application/onenote"},
        {".onetoc2", "application/onenote"},
        {".orderedtest", "application/xml"},
        {".osdx", "application/opensearchdescription+xml"},
        {".p10", "application/pkcs10"},
        {".p12", "application/x-pkcs12"},
        {".p7b", "application/x-pkcs7-certificates"},
        {".p7c", "application/pkcs7-mime"},
        {".p7m", "application/pkcs7-mime"},
        {".p7r", "application/x-pkcs7-certreqresp"},
        {".p7s", "application/pkcs7-signature"},
        {".pbm", "image/x-portable-bitmap"},
        {".pcast", "application/x-podcast"},
        {".pct", "image/pict"},
        {".pcx", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".pcz", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".pdf", "application/pdf"},
        {".pfb", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".pfm", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".pfx", "application/x-pkcs12"},
        {".pgm", "image/x-portable-graymap"},
        {".pic", "image/pict"},
        {".pict", "image/pict"},
        {".pkgdef", "text/plain"},
        {".pkgundef", "text/plain"},
        {".pko", "application/vnd.ms-pki.pko"},
        {".pls", "audio/scpls"},
        {".pma", "application/x-perfmon"},
        {".pmc", "application/x-perfmon"},
        {".pml", "application/x-perfmon"},
        {".pmr", "application/x-perfmon"},
        {".pmw", "application/x-perfmon"},
        {".png", "image/png"},
        {".pnm", "image/x-portable-anymap"},
        {".pnt", "image/x-macpaint"},
        {".pntg", "image/x-macpaint"},
        {".pnz", "image/png"},
        {".pot", "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint"},
        {".potm", "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint.template.macroEnabled.12"},
        {".potx", "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.template"},
        {".ppa", "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint"},
        {".ppam", "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint.addin.macroEnabled.12"},
        {".ppm", "image/x-portable-pixmap"},
        {".pps", "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint"},
        {".ppsm", "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint.slideshow.macroEnabled.12"},
        {".ppsx", "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.slideshow"},
        {".ppt", "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint"},
        {".pptm", "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint.presentation.macroEnabled.12"},
        {".pptx", "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.presentation"},
        {".prf", "application/pics-rules"},
        {".prm", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".prx", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".ps", "application/postscript"},
        {".psc1", "application/PowerShell"},
        {".psd", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".psess", "application/xml"},
        {".psm", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".psp", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".pub", "application/x-mspublisher"},
        {".pwz", "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint"},
        {".qht", "text/x-html-insertion"},
        {".qhtm", "text/x-html-insertion"},
        {".qt", "video/quicktime"},
        {".qti", "image/x-quicktime"},
        {".qtif", "image/x-quicktime"},
        {".qtl", "application/x-quicktimeplayer"},
        {".qxd", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".ra", "audio/x-pn-realaudio"},
        {".ram", "audio/x-pn-realaudio"},
        {".rar", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".ras", "image/x-cmu-raster"},
        {".rat", "application/rat-file"},
        {".rc", "text/plain"},
        {".rc2", "text/plain"},
        {".rct", "text/plain"},
        {".rdlc", "application/xml"},
        {".resx", "application/xml"},
        {".rf", "image/vnd.rn-realflash"},
        {".rgb", "image/x-rgb"},
        {".rgs", "text/plain"},
        {".rm", "application/vnd.rn-realmedia"},
        {".rmi", "audio/mid"},
        {".rmp", "application/vnd.rn-rn_music_package"},
        {".roff", "application/x-troff"},
        {".rpm", "audio/x-pn-realaudio-plugin"},
        {".rqy", "text/x-ms-rqy"},
        {".rtf", "application/rtf"},
        {".rtx", "text/richtext"},
        {".ruleset", "application/xml"},
        {".s", "text/plain"},
        {".safariextz", "application/x-safari-safariextz"},
        {".scd", "application/x-msschedule"},
        {".sct", "text/scriptlet"},
        {".sd2", "audio/x-sd2"},
        {".sdp", "application/sdp"},
        {".sea", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".searchConnector-ms", "application/windows-search-connector+xml"},
        {".setpay", "application/set-payment-initiation"},
        {".setreg", "application/set-registration-initiation"},
        {".settings", "application/xml"},
        {".sgimb", "application/x-sgimb"},
        {".sgml", "text/sgml"},
        {".sh", "application/x-sh"},
        {".shar", "application/x-shar"},
        {".shtml", "text/html"},
        {".sit", "application/x-stuffit"},
        {".sitemap", "application/xml"},
        {".skin", "application/xml"},
        {".sldm", "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint.slide.macroEnabled.12"},
        {".sldx", "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.slide"},
        {".slk", "application/vnd.ms-Excel"},
        {".sln", "text/plain"},
        {".slupkg-ms", "application/x-ms-license"},
        {".smd", "audio/x-smd"},
        {".smi", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".smx", "audio/x-smd"},
        {".smz", "audio/x-smd"},
        {".snd", "audio/basic"},
        {".snippet", "application/xml"},
        {".snp", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".sol", "text/plain"},
        {".sor", "text/plain"},
        {".spc", "application/x-pkcs7-certificates"},
        {".spl", "application/futuresplash"},
        {".src", "application/x-wais-source"},
        {".srf", "text/plain"},
        {".SSISDeploymentManifest", "text/xml"},
        {".ssm", "application/streamingmedia"},
        {".sst", "application/vnd.ms-pki.certstore"},
        {".stl", "application/vnd.ms-pki.stl"},
        {".sv4cpio", "application/x-sv4cpio"},
        {".sv4crc", "application/x-sv4crc"},
        {".svc", "application/xml"},
        {".swf", "application/x-shockwave-flash"},
        {".t", "application/x-troff"},
        {".tar", "application/x-tar"},
        {".tcl", "application/x-tcl"},
        {".testrunconfig", "application/xml"},
        {".testsettings", "application/xml"},
        {".tex", "application/x-tex"},
        {".texi", "application/x-texinfo"},
        {".texinfo", "application/x-texinfo"},
        {".tgz", "application/x-compressed"},
        {".thmx", "application/vnd.ms-officetheme"},
        {".thn", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".tif", "image/tiff"},
        {".tiff", "image/tiff"},
        {".tlh", "text/plain"},
        {".tli", "text/plain"},
        {".toc", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".tr", "application/x-troff"},
        {".trm", "application/x-msterminal"},
        {".trx", "application/xml"},
        {".ts", "video/vnd.dlna.mpeg-tts"},
        {".tsv", "text/tab-separated-values"},
        {".ttf", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".tts", "video/vnd.dlna.mpeg-tts"},
        {".txt", "text/plain"},
        {".u32", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".uls", "text/iuls"},
        {".user", "text/plain"},
        {".ustar", "application/x-ustar"},
        {".vb", "text/plain"},
        {".vbdproj", "text/plain"},
        {".vbk", "video/mpeg"},
        {".vbproj", "text/plain"},
        {".vbs", "text/vbscript"},
        {".vcf", "text/x-vcard"},
        {".vcproj", "Application/xml"},
        {".vcs", "text/plain"},
        {".vcxproj", "Application/xml"},
        {".vddproj", "text/plain"},
        {".vdp", "text/plain"},
        {".vdproj", "text/plain"},
        {".vdx", "application/vnd.ms-visio.viewer"},
        {".vml", "text/xml"},
        {".vscontent", "application/xml"},
        {".vsct", "text/xml"},
        {".vsd", "application/vnd.visio"},
        {".vsi", "application/ms-vsi"},
        {".vsix", "application/vsix"},
        {".vsixlangpack", "text/xml"},
        {".vsixmanifest", "text/xml"},
        {".vsmdi", "application/xml"},
        {".vspscc", "text/plain"},
        {".vss", "application/vnd.visio"},
        {".vsscc", "text/plain"},
        {".vssettings", "text/xml"},
        {".vssscc", "text/plain"},
        {".vst", "application/vnd.visio"},
        {".vstemplate", "text/xml"},
        {".vsto", "application/x-ms-vsto"},
        {".vsw", "application/vnd.visio"},
        {".vsx", "application/vnd.visio"},
        {".vtx", "application/vnd.visio"},
        {".wav", "audio/wav"},
        {".wave", "audio/wav"},
        {".wax", "audio/x-ms-wax"},
        {".wbk", "application/msword"},
        {".wbmp", "image/vnd.wap.wbmp"},
        {".wcm", "application/vnd.ms-works"},
        {".wdb", "application/vnd.ms-works"},
        {".wdp", "image/vnd.ms-photo"},
        {".webarchive", "application/x-safari-webarchive"},
        {".webtest", "application/xml"},
        {".wiq", "application/xml"},
        {".wiz", "application/msword"},
        {".wks", "application/vnd.ms-works"},
        {".WLMP", "application/wlmoviemaker"},
        {".wlpginstall", "application/x-wlpg-detect"},
        {".wlpginstall3", "application/x-wlpg3-detect"},
        {".wm", "video/x-ms-wm"},
        {".wma", "audio/x-ms-wma"},
        {".wmd", "application/x-ms-wmd"},
        {".wmf", "application/x-msmetafile"},
        {".wml", "text/vnd.wap.wml"},
        {".wmlc", "application/vnd.wap.wmlc"},
        {".wmls", "text/vnd.wap.wmlscript"},
        {".wmlsc", "application/vnd.wap.wmlscriptc"},
        {".wmp", "video/x-ms-wmp"},
        {".wmv", "video/x-ms-wmv"},
        {".wmx", "video/x-ms-wmx"},
        {".wmz", "application/x-ms-wmz"},
        {".wpl", "application/vnd.ms-wpl"},
        {".wps", "application/vnd.ms-works"},
        {".wri", "application/x-mswrite"},
        {".wrl", "x-world/x-vrml"},
        {".wrz", "x-world/x-vrml"},
        {".wsc", "text/scriptlet"},
        {".wsdl", "text/xml"},
        {".wvx", "video/x-ms-wvx"},
        {".x", "application/directx"},
        {".xaf", "x-world/x-vrml"},
        {".xaml", "application/xaml+xml"},
        {".xap", "application/x-silverlight-app"},
        {".xbap", "application/x-ms-xbap"},
        {".xbm", "image/x-xbitmap"},
        {".xdr", "text/plain"},
        {".xht", "application/xhtml+xml"},
        {".xhtml", "application/xhtml+xml"},
        {".xla", "application/vnd.ms-Excel"},
        {".xlam", "application/vnd.ms-Excel.addin.macroEnabled.12"},
        {".xlc", "application/vnd.ms-Excel"},
        {".xld", "application/vnd.ms-Excel"},
        {".xlk", "application/vnd.ms-Excel"},
        {".xll", "application/vnd.ms-Excel"},
        {".xlm", "application/vnd.ms-Excel"},
        {".xls", "application/vnd.ms-Excel"},
        {".xlsb", "application/vnd.ms-Excel.sheet.binary.macroEnabled.12"},
        {".xlsm", "application/vnd.ms-Excel.sheet.macroEnabled.12"},
        {".xlsx", "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet"},
        {".xlt", "application/vnd.ms-Excel"},
        {".xltm", "application/vnd.ms-Excel.template.macroEnabled.12"},
        {".xltx", "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.template"},
        {".xlw", "application/vnd.ms-Excel"},
        {".xml", "text/xml"},
        {".xmta", "application/xml"},
        {".xof", "x-world/x-vrml"},
        {".XOML", "text/plain"},
        {".xpm", "image/x-xpixmap"},
        {".xps", "application/vnd.ms-xpsdocument"},
        {".xrm-ms", "text/xml"},
        {".xsc", "application/xml"},
        {".xsd", "text/xml"},
        {".xsf", "text/xml"},
        {".xsl", "text/xml"},
        {".xslt", "text/xml"},
        {".xsn", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".xss", "application/xml"},
        {".xtp", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".xwd", "image/x-xwindowdump"},
        {".z", "application/x-compress"},
        {".Zip", "application/x-Zip-compressed"},
        #endregion

        };

public static string GetMimeType(string extension)
{
    if (extension == null)
    {
        throw new ArgumentNullException("extension");
    }

    if (!extension.StartsWith("."))
    {
        extension = "." + extension;
    }

    string mime;

    return _mappings.TryGetValue(extension, out mime) ? mime : "application/octet-stream";
}
355
Samuel Neff

Für ASP.NET oder andere

Die Optionen wurden in ASP.NET Core etwas geändert, hier sind sie ( credits ):

  • new FileExtensionContentTypeProvider().TryGetContentType(fileName, out contentType); (nur vNext)
    • Noch nicht getestet, aber Sie können die Liste der Mime-Typen offiziell über die exponierte Mappings -Eigenschaft erweitern.
  • Verwenden Sie das Paket MimeTypes NuGet
  • Kopieren Sie die MimeMappings-Datei aus der reference source von .NET Framework

Für .NET Framework> = 4.5:

Verwenden Sie die System.Web.MimeMapping.GetMimeMapping -Methode, die Bestandteil der BCL in .NET Framework 4.5 ist:

string mimeType = MimeMapping.GetMimeMapping(fileName);

Wenn Sie benutzerdefinierte Zuordnungen hinzufügen müssen, können Sie mithilfe der Reflektion möglicherweise Zuordnungen zur BCL-Klasse MimeMapping hinzufügen. In diesem Fall wird ein benutzerdefiniertes Wörterbuch verwendet, in dem diese Methode verfügbar gemacht wird. Sie sollten daher Folgendes aufrufen, um Zuordnungen hinzuzufügen ).

Wenn Sie Reflection zum Hinzufügen von MIME-Typen verwenden, müssen Sie sich jedoch darüber im Klaren sein, dass sich der Name eines privaten Felds möglicherweise ändert oder sogar vollständig entfernt wird. Sie sollten daher besonders vorsichtig sein und doppelte Prüfungen vornehmen und für jeden Schritt eine fehlersichere Aktion bereitstellen .

MimeMapping._mappingDictionary.AddMapping(string fileExtension, string mimeType)
354
Shimmy

Sie können diese Hilfsfunktion verwenden:

private string GetMimeType (string fileName)
{
    string mimeType = "application/unknown";
    string ext = System.IO.Path.GetExtension(fileName).ToLower();
    Microsoft.Win32.RegistryKey regKey = Microsoft.Win32.Registry.ClassesRoot.OpenSubKey(ext);
    if (regKey != null && regKey.GetValue("Content Type") != null)
    mimeType = regKey.GetValue("Content Type").ToString();
    return mimeType;
}
44
Bryan Denny

Nur um Shimmy 's Antwort klarer zu machen:

var mimeType = MimeMapping.GetMimeMapping(fileName);

System.Web.dll v4.5

// Summary:
//     Returns the MIME mapping for the specified file name.
//
// Parameters:
//   fileName:
//     The file name that is used to determine the MIME type.
public static string GetMimeMapping(string fileName);
34
Warlock

Ich habe ein Programm zum Abrufen und Konvertieren der Apache mime.types-Datei in eine mit der Dateierweiterung C # Dictionary<string, string> eingegebene Datei geschrieben. Es ist hier .

Die eigentliche Ausgabe ist diese Datei (wenn Sie jedoch die Apache-Datei aktualisiert haben, seit ich das letzte Mal ausgeführt habe, sollten Sie sie vielleicht noch einmal ausführen und erneut ausführen).

public static Dictionary<string, string> MimeTypes = new Dictionary<string, string>
{
  { "123", "application/vnd.Lotus-1-2-3" },
  { "3dml", "text/vnd.in3d.3dml" },
  { "3g2", "video/3gpp2" },
  { "3gp", "video/3gpp" },
  { "7z", "application/x-7z-compressed" },
  { "aab", "application/x-authorware-bin" },
  { "aac", "audio/x-aac" },
  { "aam", "application/x-authorware-map" },
  { "aas", "application/x-authorware-seg" },
  { "abw", "application/x-abiword" },
  ...
16
Cymen

Sie finden diese Informationen in der Registrierung. Zum Beispiel kann der MIME-Typ für die .pdf-Datei im Schlüssel HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.pdf im Wert "Content Type" gefunden werden:

string mimeType = Registry.GetValue(@"HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.pdf", "Content Type", null) as string;
16
Thomas Levesque

Ich mag die Arbeit, die Samuel Neff gemacht hat, aber nicht die Idee und den Aufwand, jedes Mal ein Wörterbuch zu erstellen.

Ich habe die Dinge als Schaltkasten umstrukturiert. Ja, Sie können es nicht wiederholen, aber in meinem Fall verwende ich es nur, um schnell einen Wert nachzuschlagen. Vor allem, weil es in einem Webservice ausgeführt wird, ist das letzte, was ich will, eine Menge Overhead, da die Anwendung ihre Strukturen vorbereitet. Der Compiler wandelt dies in eine Hash-Suche um und ist somit sehr schnell.

public static string GetMimeType(string extension)
{
  if (extension == null)
    throw new ArgumentNullException("extension");

  if (extension.StartsWith("."))
    extension = extension.Substring(1);


  switch (extension.ToLower())
{
    #region Big freaking list of mime types
    case "323": return "text/h323";
    case "3g2": return "video/3gpp2";
    case "3gp": return "video/3gpp";
    case "3gp2": return "video/3gpp2";
    case "3gpp": return "video/3gpp";
    case "7z": return "application/x-7z-compressed";
    case "aa": return "audio/audible";
    case "aac": return "audio/aac";
    case "aaf": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "aax": return "audio/vnd.audible.aax";
    case "ac3": return "audio/ac3";
    case "aca": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "accda": return "application/msaccess.addin";
    case "accdb": return "application/msaccess";
    case "accdc": return "application/msaccess.cab";
    case "accde": return "application/msaccess";
    case "accdr": return "application/msaccess.runtime";
    case "accdt": return "application/msaccess";
    case "accdw": return "application/msaccess.webapplication";
    case "accft": return "application/msaccess.ftemplate";
    case "acx": return "application/internet-property-stream";
    case "addin": return "text/xml";
    case "ade": return "application/msaccess";
    case "adobebridge": return "application/x-bridge-url";
    case "adp": return "application/msaccess";
    case "adt": return "audio/vnd.dlna.adts";
    case "adts": return "audio/aac";
    case "afm": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "ai": return "application/postscript";
    case "aif": return "audio/x-aiff";
    case "aifc": return "audio/aiff";
    case "aiff": return "audio/aiff";
    case "air": return "application/vnd.Adobe.air-application-installer-package+Zip";
    case "amc": return "application/x-mpeg";
    case "application": return "application/x-ms-application";
    case "art": return "image/x-jg";
    case "asa": return "application/xml";
    case "asax": return "application/xml";
    case "ascx": return "application/xml";
    case "asd": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "asf": return "video/x-ms-asf";
    case "ashx": return "application/xml";
    case "asi": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "asm": return "text/plain";
    case "asmx": return "application/xml";
    case "aspx": return "application/xml";
    case "asr": return "video/x-ms-asf";
    case "asx": return "video/x-ms-asf";
    case "atom": return "application/atom+xml";
    case "au": return "audio/basic";
    case "avi": return "video/x-msvideo";
    case "axs": return "application/olescript";
    case "bas": return "text/plain";
    case "bcpio": return "application/x-bcpio";
    case "bin": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "bmp": return "image/bmp";
    case "c": return "text/plain";
    case "cab": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "caf": return "audio/x-caf";
    case "calx": return "application/vnd.ms-office.calx";
    case "cat": return "application/vnd.ms-pki.seccat";
    case "cc": return "text/plain";
    case "cd": return "text/plain";
    case "cdda": return "audio/aiff";
    case "cdf": return "application/x-cdf";
    case "cer": return "application/x-x509-ca-cert";
    case "chm": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "class": return "application/x-Java-applet";
    case "clp": return "application/x-msclip";
    case "cmx": return "image/x-cmx";
    case "cnf": return "text/plain";
    case "cod": return "image/cis-cod";
    case "config": return "application/xml";
    case "contact": return "text/x-ms-contact";
    case "coverage": return "application/xml";
    case "cpio": return "application/x-cpio";
    case "cpp": return "text/plain";
    case "crd": return "application/x-mscardfile";
    case "crl": return "application/pkix-crl";
    case "crt": return "application/x-x509-ca-cert";
    case "cs": return "text/plain";
    case "csdproj": return "text/plain";
    case "csh": return "application/x-csh";
    case "csproj": return "text/plain";
    case "css": return "text/css";
    case "csv": return "text/csv";
    case "cur": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "cxx": return "text/plain";
    case "dat": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "datasource": return "application/xml";
    case "dbproj": return "text/plain";
    case "dcr": return "application/x-director";
    case "def": return "text/plain";
    case "deploy": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "der": return "application/x-x509-ca-cert";
    case "dgml": return "application/xml";
    case "dib": return "image/bmp";
    case "dif": return "video/x-dv";
    case "dir": return "application/x-director";
    case "disco": return "text/xml";
    case "dll": return "application/x-msdownload";
    case "dll.config": return "text/xml";
    case "dlm": return "text/dlm";
    case "doc": return "application/msword";
    case "docm": return "application/vnd.ms-Word.document.macroenabled.12";
    case "docx": return "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document";
    case "dot": return "application/msword";
    case "dotm": return "application/vnd.ms-Word.template.macroenabled.12";
    case "dotx": return "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.template";
    case "dsp": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "dsw": return "text/plain";
    case "dtd": return "text/xml";
    case "dtsconfig": return "text/xml";
    case "dv": return "video/x-dv";
    case "dvi": return "application/x-dvi";
    case "dwf": return "drawing/x-dwf";
    case "dwp": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "dxr": return "application/x-director";
    case "eml": return "message/rfc822";
    case "emz": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "eot": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "eps": return "application/postscript";
    case "etl": return "application/etl";
    case "etx": return "text/x-setext";
    case "evy": return "application/envoy";
    case "exe": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "exe.config": return "text/xml";
    case "fdf": return "application/vnd.fdf";
    case "fif": return "application/fractals";
    case "filters": return "application/xml";
    case "fla": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "flr": return "x-world/x-vrml";
    case "flv": return "video/x-flv";
    case "fsscript": return "application/fsharp-script";
    case "fsx": return "application/fsharp-script";
    case "generictest": return "application/xml";
    case "gif": return "image/gif";
    case "group": return "text/x-ms-group";
    case "gsm": return "audio/x-gsm";
    case "gtar": return "application/x-gtar";
    case "gz": return "application/x-gzip";
    case "h": return "text/plain";
    case "hdf": return "application/x-hdf";
    case "hdml": return "text/x-hdml";
    case "hhc": return "application/x-oleobject";
    case "hhk": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "hhp": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "hlp": return "application/winhlp";
    case "hpp": return "text/plain";
    case "hqx": return "application/mac-binhex40";
    case "hta": return "application/hta";
    case "htc": return "text/x-component";
    case "htm": return "text/html";
    case "html": return "text/html";
    case "htt": return "text/webviewhtml";
    case "hxa": return "application/xml";
    case "hxc": return "application/xml";
    case "hxd": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "hxe": return "application/xml";
    case "hxf": return "application/xml";
    case "hxh": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "hxi": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "hxk": return "application/xml";
    case "hxq": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "hxr": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "hxs": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "hxt": return "text/html";
    case "hxv": return "application/xml";
    case "hxw": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "hxx": return "text/plain";
    case "i": return "text/plain";
    case "ico": return "image/x-icon";
    case "ics": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "idl": return "text/plain";
    case "ief": return "image/ief";
    case "iii": return "application/x-iphone";
    case "inc": return "text/plain";
    case "inf": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "inl": return "text/plain";
    case "ins": return "application/x-internet-signup";
    case "ipa": return "application/x-iTunes-ipa";
    case "ipg": return "application/x-iTunes-ipg";
    case "ipproj": return "text/plain";
    case "ipsw": return "application/x-iTunes-ipsw";
    case "iqy": return "text/x-ms-iqy";
    case "isp": return "application/x-internet-signup";
    case "ite": return "application/x-iTunes-ite";
    case "itlp": return "application/x-iTunes-itlp";
    case "itms": return "application/x-iTunes-itms";
    case "itpc": return "application/x-iTunes-itpc";
    case "ivf": return "video/x-ivf";
    case "jar": return "application/Java-archive";
    case "Java": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "jck": return "application/liquidmotion";
    case "jcz": return "application/liquidmotion";
    case "jfif": return "image/pjpeg";
    case "jnlp": return "application/x-Java-jnlp-file";
    case "jpb": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "jpe": return "image/jpeg";
    case "jpeg": return "image/jpeg";
    case "jpg": return "image/jpeg";
    case "js": return "application/x-javascript";
    case "jsx": return "text/jscript";
    case "jsxbin": return "text/plain";
    case "latex": return "application/x-latex";
    case "library-ms": return "application/windows-library+xml";
    case "lit": return "application/x-ms-reader";
    case "loadtest": return "application/xml";
    case "lpk": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "lsf": return "video/x-la-asf";
    case "lst": return "text/plain";
    case "lsx": return "video/x-la-asf";
    case "lzh": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "m13": return "application/x-msmediaview";
    case "m14": return "application/x-msmediaview";
    case "m1v": return "video/mpeg";
    case "m2t": return "video/vnd.dlna.mpeg-tts";
    case "m2ts": return "video/vnd.dlna.mpeg-tts";
    case "m2v": return "video/mpeg";
    case "m3u": return "audio/x-mpegurl";
    case "m3u8": return "audio/x-mpegurl";
    case "m4a": return "audio/m4a";
    case "m4b": return "audio/m4b";
    case "m4p": return "audio/m4p";
    case "m4r": return "audio/x-m4r";
    case "m4v": return "video/x-m4v";
    case "mac": return "image/x-macpaint";
    case "mak": return "text/plain";
    case "man": return "application/x-troff-man";
    case "manifest": return "application/x-ms-manifest";
    case "map": return "text/plain";
    case "master": return "application/xml";
    case "mda": return "application/msaccess";
    case "mdb": return "application/x-msaccess";
    case "mde": return "application/msaccess";
    case "mdp": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "me": return "application/x-troff-me";
    case "mfp": return "application/x-shockwave-flash";
    case "mht": return "message/rfc822";
    case "mhtml": return "message/rfc822";
    case "mid": return "audio/mid";
    case "midi": return "audio/mid";
    case "mix": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "mk": return "text/plain";
    case "mmf": return "application/x-smaf";
    case "mno": return "text/xml";
    case "mny": return "application/x-msmoney";
    case "mod": return "video/mpeg";
    case "mov": return "video/quicktime";
    case "movie": return "video/x-sgi-movie";
    case "mp2": return "video/mpeg";
    case "mp2v": return "video/mpeg";
    case "mp3": return "audio/mpeg";
    case "mp4": return "video/mp4";
    case "mp4v": return "video/mp4";
    case "mpa": return "video/mpeg";
    case "mpe": return "video/mpeg";
    case "mpeg": return "video/mpeg";
    case "mpf": return "application/vnd.ms-mediapackage";
    case "mpg": return "video/mpeg";
    case "mpp": return "application/vnd.ms-project";
    case "mpv2": return "video/mpeg";
    case "mqv": return "video/quicktime";
    case "ms": return "application/x-troff-ms";
    case "msi": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "mso": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "mts": return "video/vnd.dlna.mpeg-tts";
    case "mtx": return "application/xml";
    case "mvb": return "application/x-msmediaview";
    case "mvc": return "application/x-miva-compiled";
    case "mxp": return "application/x-mmxp";
    case "nc": return "application/x-netcdf";
    case "nsc": return "video/x-ms-asf";
    case "nws": return "message/rfc822";
    case "ocx": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "oda": return "application/oda";
    case "odc": return "text/x-ms-odc";
    case "odh": return "text/plain";
    case "odl": return "text/plain";
    case "odp": return "application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.presentation";
    case "ods": return "application/oleobject";
    case "odt": return "application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.text";
    case "one": return "application/onenote";
    case "onea": return "application/onenote";
    case "onepkg": return "application/onenote";
    case "onetmp": return "application/onenote";
    case "onetoc": return "application/onenote";
    case "onetoc2": return "application/onenote";
    case "orderedtest": return "application/xml";
    case "osdx": return "application/opensearchdescription+xml";
    case "p10": return "application/pkcs10";
    case "p12": return "application/x-pkcs12";
    case "p7b": return "application/x-pkcs7-certificates";
    case "p7c": return "application/pkcs7-mime";
    case "p7m": return "application/pkcs7-mime";
    case "p7r": return "application/x-pkcs7-certreqresp";
    case "p7s": return "application/pkcs7-signature";
    case "pbm": return "image/x-portable-bitmap";
    case "pcast": return "application/x-podcast";
    case "pct": return "image/pict";
    case "pcx": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "pcz": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "pdf": return "application/pdf";
    case "pfb": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "pfm": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "pfx": return "application/x-pkcs12";
    case "pgm": return "image/x-portable-graymap";
    case "pic": return "image/pict";
    case "pict": return "image/pict";
    case "pkgdef": return "text/plain";
    case "pkgundef": return "text/plain";
    case "pko": return "application/vnd.ms-pki.pko";
    case "pls": return "audio/scpls";
    case "pma": return "application/x-perfmon";
    case "pmc": return "application/x-perfmon";
    case "pml": return "application/x-perfmon";
    case "pmr": return "application/x-perfmon";
    case "pmw": return "application/x-perfmon";
    case "png": return "image/png";
    case "pnm": return "image/x-portable-anymap";
    case "pnt": return "image/x-macpaint";
    case "pntg": return "image/x-macpaint";
    case "pnz": return "image/png";
    case "pot": return "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint";
    case "potm": return "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint.template.macroenabled.12";
    case "potx": return "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.template";
    case "ppa": return "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint";
    case "ppam": return "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint.addin.macroenabled.12";
    case "ppm": return "image/x-portable-pixmap";
    case "pps": return "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint";
    case "ppsm": return "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint.slideshow.macroenabled.12";
    case "ppsx": return "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.slideshow";
    case "ppt": return "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint";
    case "pptm": return "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint.presentation.macroenabled.12";
    case "pptx": return "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.presentation";
    case "prf": return "application/pics-rules";
    case "prm": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "prx": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "ps": return "application/postscript";
    case "psc1": return "application/powershell";
    case "psd": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "psess": return "application/xml";
    case "psm": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "psp": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "pub": return "application/x-mspublisher";
    case "pwz": return "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint";
    case "qht": return "text/x-html-insertion";
    case "qhtm": return "text/x-html-insertion";
    case "qt": return "video/quicktime";
    case "qti": return "image/x-quicktime";
    case "qtif": return "image/x-quicktime";
    case "qtl": return "application/x-quicktimeplayer";
    case "qxd": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "ra": return "audio/x-pn-realaudio";
    case "ram": return "audio/x-pn-realaudio";
    case "rar": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "ras": return "image/x-cmu-raster";
    case "rat": return "application/rat-file";
    case "rc": return "text/plain";
    case "rc2": return "text/plain";
    case "rct": return "text/plain";
    case "rdlc": return "application/xml";
    case "resx": return "application/xml";
    case "rf": return "image/vnd.rn-realflash";
    case "rgb": return "image/x-rgb";
    case "rgs": return "text/plain";
    case "rm": return "application/vnd.rn-realmedia";
    case "rmi": return "audio/mid";
    case "rmp": return "application/vnd.rn-rn_music_package";
    case "roff": return "application/x-troff";
    case "rpm": return "audio/x-pn-realaudio-plugin";
    case "rqy": return "text/x-ms-rqy";
    case "rtf": return "application/rtf";
    case "rtx": return "text/richtext";
    case "ruleset": return "application/xml";
    case "s": return "text/plain";
    case "safariextz": return "application/x-safari-safariextz";
    case "scd": return "application/x-msschedule";
    case "sct": return "text/scriptlet";
    case "sd2": return "audio/x-sd2";
    case "sdp": return "application/sdp";
    case "sea": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "searchconnector-ms": return "application/windows-search-connector+xml";
    case "setpay": return "application/set-payment-initiation";
    case "setreg": return "application/set-registration-initiation";
    case "settings": return "application/xml";
    case "sgimb": return "application/x-sgimb";
    case "sgml": return "text/sgml";
    case "sh": return "application/x-sh";
    case "shar": return "application/x-shar";
    case "shtml": return "text/html";
    case "sit": return "application/x-stuffit";
    case "sitemap": return "application/xml";
    case "skin": return "application/xml";
    case "sldm": return "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint.slide.macroenabled.12";
    case "sldx": return "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.slide";
    case "slk": return "application/vnd.ms-Excel";
    case "sln": return "text/plain";
    case "slupkg-ms": return "application/x-ms-license";
    case "smd": return "audio/x-smd";
    case "smi": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "smx": return "audio/x-smd";
    case "smz": return "audio/x-smd";
    case "snd": return "audio/basic";
    case "snippet": return "application/xml";
    case "snp": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "sol": return "text/plain";
    case "sor": return "text/plain";
    case "spc": return "application/x-pkcs7-certificates";
    case "spl": return "application/futuresplash";
    case "src": return "application/x-wais-source";
    case "srf": return "text/plain";
    case "ssisdeploymentmanifest": return "text/xml";
    case "ssm": return "application/streamingmedia";
    case "sst": return "application/vnd.ms-pki.certstore";
    case "stl": return "application/vnd.ms-pki.stl";
    case "sv4cpio": return "application/x-sv4cpio";
    case "sv4crc": return "application/x-sv4crc";
    case "svc": return "application/xml";
    case "swf": return "application/x-shockwave-flash";
    case "t": return "application/x-troff";
    case "tar": return "application/x-tar";
    case "tcl": return "application/x-tcl";
    case "testrunconfig": return "application/xml";
    case "testsettings": return "application/xml";
    case "tex": return "application/x-tex";
    case "texi": return "application/x-texinfo";
    case "texinfo": return "application/x-texinfo";
    case "tgz": return "application/x-compressed";
    case "thmx": return "application/vnd.ms-officetheme";
    case "thn": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "tif": return "image/tiff";
    case "tiff": return "image/tiff";
    case "tlh": return "text/plain";
    case "tli": return "text/plain";
    case "toc": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "tr": return "application/x-troff";
    case "trm": return "application/x-msterminal";
    case "trx": return "application/xml";
    case "ts": return "video/vnd.dlna.mpeg-tts";
    case "tsv": return "text/tab-separated-values";
    case "ttf": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "tts": return "video/vnd.dlna.mpeg-tts";
    case "txt": return "text/plain";
    case "u32": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "uls": return "text/iuls";
    case "user": return "text/plain";
    case "ustar": return "application/x-ustar";
    case "vb": return "text/plain";
    case "vbdproj": return "text/plain";
    case "vbk": return "video/mpeg";
    case "vbproj": return "text/plain";
    case "vbs": return "text/vbscript";
    case "vcf": return "text/x-vcard";
    case "vcproj": return "application/xml";
    case "vcs": return "text/plain";
    case "vcxproj": return "application/xml";
    case "vddproj": return "text/plain";
    case "vdp": return "text/plain";
    case "vdproj": return "text/plain";
    case "vdx": return "application/vnd.ms-visio.viewer";
    case "vml": return "text/xml";
    case "vscontent": return "application/xml";
    case "vsct": return "text/xml";
    case "vsd": return "application/vnd.visio";
    case "vsi": return "application/ms-vsi";
    case "vsix": return "application/vsix";
    case "vsixlangpack": return "text/xml";
    case "vsixmanifest": return "text/xml";
    case "vsmdi": return "application/xml";
    case "vspscc": return "text/plain";
    case "vss": return "application/vnd.visio";
    case "vsscc": return "text/plain";
    case "vssettings": return "text/xml";
    case "vssscc": return "text/plain";
    case "vst": return "application/vnd.visio";
    case "vstemplate": return "text/xml";
    case "vsto": return "application/x-ms-vsto";
    case "vsw": return "application/vnd.visio";
    case "vsx": return "application/vnd.visio";
    case "vtx": return "application/vnd.visio";
    case "wav": return "audio/wav";
    case "wave": return "audio/wav";
    case "wax": return "audio/x-ms-wax";
    case "wbk": return "application/msword";
    case "wbmp": return "image/vnd.wap.wbmp";
    case "wcm": return "application/vnd.ms-works";
    case "wdb": return "application/vnd.ms-works";
    case "wdp": return "image/vnd.ms-photo";
    case "webarchive": return "application/x-safari-webarchive";
    case "webtest": return "application/xml";
    case "wiq": return "application/xml";
    case "wiz": return "application/msword";
    case "wks": return "application/vnd.ms-works";
    case "wlmp": return "application/wlmoviemaker";
    case "wlpginstall": return "application/x-wlpg-detect";
    case "wlpginstall3": return "application/x-wlpg3-detect";
    case "wm": return "video/x-ms-wm";
    case "wma": return "audio/x-ms-wma";
    case "wmd": return "application/x-ms-wmd";
    case "wmf": return "application/x-msmetafile";
    case "wml": return "text/vnd.wap.wml";
    case "wmlc": return "application/vnd.wap.wmlc";
    case "wmls": return "text/vnd.wap.wmlscript";
    case "wmlsc": return "application/vnd.wap.wmlscriptc";
    case "wmp": return "video/x-ms-wmp";
    case "wmv": return "video/x-ms-wmv";
    case "wmx": return "video/x-ms-wmx";
    case "wmz": return "application/x-ms-wmz";
    case "wpl": return "application/vnd.ms-wpl";
    case "wps": return "application/vnd.ms-works";
    case "wri": return "application/x-mswrite";
    case "wrl": return "x-world/x-vrml";
    case "wrz": return "x-world/x-vrml";
    case "wsc": return "text/scriptlet";
    case "wsdl": return "text/xml";
    case "wvx": return "video/x-ms-wvx";
    case "x": return "application/directx";
    case "xaf": return "x-world/x-vrml";
    case "xaml": return "application/xaml+xml";
    case "xap": return "application/x-silverlight-app";
    case "xbap": return "application/x-ms-xbap";
    case "xbm": return "image/x-xbitmap";
    case "xdr": return "text/plain";
    case "xht": return "application/xhtml+xml";
    case "xhtml": return "application/xhtml+xml";
    case "xla": return "application/vnd.ms-Excel";
    case "xlam": return "application/vnd.ms-Excel.addin.macroenabled.12";
    case "xlc": return "application/vnd.ms-Excel";
    case "xld": return "application/vnd.ms-Excel";
    case "xlk": return "application/vnd.ms-Excel";
    case "xll": return "application/vnd.ms-Excel";
    case "xlm": return "application/vnd.ms-Excel";
    case "xls": return "application/vnd.ms-Excel";
    case "xlsb": return "application/vnd.ms-Excel.sheet.binary.macroenabled.12";
    case "xlsm": return "application/vnd.ms-Excel.sheet.macroenabled.12";
    case "xlsx": return "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet";
    case "xlt": return "application/vnd.ms-Excel";
    case "xltm": return "application/vnd.ms-Excel.template.macroenabled.12";
    case "xltx": return "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.template";
    case "xlw": return "application/vnd.ms-Excel";
    case "xml": return "text/xml";
    case "xmta": return "application/xml";
    case "xof": return "x-world/x-vrml";
    case "xoml": return "text/plain";
    case "xpm": return "image/x-xpixmap";
    case "xps": return "application/vnd.ms-xpsdocument";
    case "xrm-ms": return "text/xml";
    case "xsc": return "application/xml";
    case "xsd": return "text/xml";
    case "xsf": return "text/xml";
    case "xsl": return "text/xml";
    case "xslt": return "text/xml";
    case "xsn": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "xss": return "application/xml";
    case "xtp": return "application/octet-stream";
    case "xwd": return "image/x-xwindowdump";
    case "z": return "application/x-compress";
    case "Zip": return "application/x-Zip-compressed";
  #endregion
    default: return "application/octet-stream";
  }
}
11
AnthonyVO

eine Kombination der beiden hier vorgestellten Lösungen:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

namespace Mime
{
    class Mime
    {

        public static string GetMimeType(string fileName)
        {
            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(fileName) || string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(fileName))
            {
                throw new ArgumentNullException("filename must contain a filename");
            }
            string extension = System.IO.Path.GetExtension(fileName).ToLower();

            if (!extension.StartsWith("."))
            {
                extension = "." + extension;
            }


            string mime;

            if (_mappings.TryGetValue(extension, out mime))
                return mime;
            if (GetWindowsMimeType(extension, out mime))
            {
                _mappings.Add(extension, mime);
                return mime;
            }
            return "application/octet-stream";
        }

        public static bool GetWindowsMimeType(string ext, out string mime)
        {
            mime="application/octet-stream";
            Microsoft.Win32.RegistryKey regKey = Microsoft.Win32.Registry.ClassesRoot.OpenSubKey(ext);

            if (regKey != null)
            { 
             object val=regKey.GetValue("Content Type") ;
             if (val != null)
             {
                 string strval = val.ToString();
                 if(!(string.IsNullOrEmpty(strval)||string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(strval)))
                 {
                     mime=strval;
                     return true;
                 }
             }
            }
            return false;
        }

        static IDictionary<string, string> _mappings = new Dictionary<string, string>(StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase) {

        #region Big freaking list of mime types
        // combination of values from Windows 7 Registry and 
        // from C:\Windows\System32\inetsrv\config\applicationHost.config
        // some added, including .7z and .dat
        {".323", "text/h323"},
        {".3g2", "video/3gpp2"},
        {".3gp", "video/3gpp"},
        {".3gp2", "video/3gpp2"},
        {".3gpp", "video/3gpp"},
        {".7z", "application/x-7z-compressed"},
        {".aa", "audio/audible"},
        {".AAC", "audio/aac"},
        {".aaf", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".aax", "audio/vnd.audible.aax"},
        {".ac3", "audio/ac3"},
        {".aca", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".accda", "application/msaccess.addin"},
        {".accdb", "application/msaccess"},
        {".accdc", "application/msaccess.cab"},
        {".accde", "application/msaccess"},
        {".accdr", "application/msaccess.runtime"},
        {".accdt", "application/msaccess"},
        {".accdw", "application/msaccess.webapplication"},
        {".accft", "application/msaccess.ftemplate"},
        {".acx", "application/internet-property-stream"},
        {".AddIn", "text/xml"},
        {".ade", "application/msaccess"},
        {".adobebridge", "application/x-bridge-url"},
        {".adp", "application/msaccess"},
        {".ADT", "audio/vnd.dlna.adts"},
        {".ADTS", "audio/aac"},
        {".afm", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".ai", "application/postscript"},
        {".aif", "audio/x-aiff"},
        {".aifc", "audio/aiff"},
        {".aiff", "audio/aiff"},
        {".air", "application/vnd.Adobe.air-application-installer-package+Zip"},
        {".amc", "application/x-mpeg"},
        {".application", "application/x-ms-application"},
        {".art", "image/x-jg"},
        {".asa", "application/xml"},
        {".asax", "application/xml"},
        {".ascx", "application/xml"},
        {".asd", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".asf", "video/x-ms-asf"},
        {".ashx", "application/xml"},
        {".asi", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".asm", "text/plain"},
        {".asmx", "application/xml"},
        {".aspx", "application/xml"},
        {".asr", "video/x-ms-asf"},
        {".asx", "video/x-ms-asf"},
        {".atom", "application/atom+xml"},
        {".au", "audio/basic"},
        {".avi", "video/x-msvideo"},
        {".axs", "application/olescript"},
        {".bas", "text/plain"},
        {".bcpio", "application/x-bcpio"},
        {".bin", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".bmp", "image/bmp"},
        {".c", "text/plain"},
        {".cab", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".caf", "audio/x-caf"},
        {".calx", "application/vnd.ms-office.calx"},
        {".cat", "application/vnd.ms-pki.seccat"},
        {".cc", "text/plain"},
        {".cd", "text/plain"},
        {".cdda", "audio/aiff"},
        {".cdf", "application/x-cdf"},
        {".cer", "application/x-x509-ca-cert"},
        {".chm", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".class", "application/x-Java-applet"},
        {".clp", "application/x-msclip"},
        {".cmx", "image/x-cmx"},
        {".cnf", "text/plain"},
        {".cod", "image/cis-cod"},
        {".config", "application/xml"},
        {".contact", "text/x-ms-contact"},
        {".coverage", "application/xml"},
        {".cpio", "application/x-cpio"},
        {".cpp", "text/plain"},
        {".crd", "application/x-mscardfile"},
        {".crl", "application/pkix-crl"},
        {".crt", "application/x-x509-ca-cert"},
        {".cs", "text/plain"},
        {".csdproj", "text/plain"},
        {".csh", "application/x-csh"},
        {".csproj", "text/plain"},
        {".css", "text/css"},
        {".csv", "text/csv"},
        {".cur", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".cxx", "text/plain"},
        {".dat", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".datasource", "application/xml"},
        {".dbproj", "text/plain"},
        {".dcr", "application/x-director"},
        {".def", "text/plain"},
        {".deploy", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".der", "application/x-x509-ca-cert"},
        {".dgml", "application/xml"},
        {".dib", "image/bmp"},
        {".dif", "video/x-dv"},
        {".dir", "application/x-director"},
        {".disco", "text/xml"},
        {".dll", "application/x-msdownload"},
        {".dll.config", "text/xml"},
        {".dlm", "text/dlm"},
        {".doc", "application/msword"},
        {".docm", "application/vnd.ms-Word.document.macroEnabled.12"},
        {".docx", "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document"},
        {".dot", "application/msword"},
        {".dotm", "application/vnd.ms-Word.template.macroEnabled.12"},
        {".dotx", "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.template"},
        {".dsp", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".dsw", "text/plain"},
        {".dtd", "text/xml"},
        {".dtsConfig", "text/xml"},
        {".dv", "video/x-dv"},
        {".dvi", "application/x-dvi"},
        {".dwf", "drawing/x-dwf"},
        {".dwp", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".dxr", "application/x-director"},
        {".eml", "message/rfc822"},
        {".emz", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".eot", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".eps", "application/postscript"},
        {".etl", "application/etl"},
        {".etx", "text/x-setext"},
        {".evy", "application/envoy"},
        {".exe", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".exe.config", "text/xml"},
        {".fdf", "application/vnd.fdf"},
        {".fif", "application/fractals"},
        {".filters", "Application/xml"},
        {".fla", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".flr", "x-world/x-vrml"},
        {".flv", "video/x-flv"},
        {".fsscript", "application/fsharp-script"},
        {".fsx", "application/fsharp-script"},
        {".generictest", "application/xml"},
        {".gif", "image/gif"},
        {".group", "text/x-ms-group"},
        {".gsm", "audio/x-gsm"},
        {".gtar", "application/x-gtar"},
        {".gz", "application/x-gzip"},
        {".h", "text/plain"},
        {".hdf", "application/x-hdf"},
        {".hdml", "text/x-hdml"},
        {".hhc", "application/x-oleobject"},
        {".hhk", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".hhp", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".hlp", "application/winhlp"},
        {".hpp", "text/plain"},
        {".hqx", "application/mac-binhex40"},
        {".hta", "application/hta"},
        {".htc", "text/x-component"},
        {".htm", "text/html"},
        {".html", "text/html"},
        {".htt", "text/webviewhtml"},
        {".hxa", "application/xml"},
        {".hxc", "application/xml"},
        {".hxd", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".hxe", "application/xml"},
        {".hxf", "application/xml"},
        {".hxh", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".hxi", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".hxk", "application/xml"},
        {".hxq", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".hxr", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".hxs", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".hxt", "text/html"},
        {".hxv", "application/xml"},
        {".hxw", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".hxx", "text/plain"},
        {".i", "text/plain"},
        {".ico", "image/x-icon"},
        {".ics", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".idl", "text/plain"},
        {".ief", "image/ief"},
        {".iii", "application/x-iphone"},
        {".inc", "text/plain"},
        {".inf", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".inl", "text/plain"},
        {".ins", "application/x-internet-signup"},
        {".ipa", "application/x-iTunes-ipa"},
        {".ipg", "application/x-iTunes-ipg"},
        {".ipproj", "text/plain"},
        {".ipsw", "application/x-iTunes-ipsw"},
        {".iqy", "text/x-ms-iqy"},
        {".isp", "application/x-internet-signup"},
        {".ite", "application/x-iTunes-ite"},
        {".itlp", "application/x-iTunes-itlp"},
        {".itms", "application/x-iTunes-itms"},
        {".itpc", "application/x-iTunes-itpc"},
        {".IVF", "video/x-ivf"},
        {".jar", "application/Java-archive"},
        {".Java", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".jck", "application/liquidmotion"},
        {".jcz", "application/liquidmotion"},
        {".jfif", "image/pjpeg"},
        {".jnlp", "application/x-Java-jnlp-file"},
        {".jpb", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".jpe", "image/jpeg"},
        {".jpeg", "image/jpeg"},
        {".jpg", "image/jpeg"},
        {".js", "application/x-javascript"},
        {".jsx", "text/jscript"},
        {".jsxbin", "text/plain"},
        {".latex", "application/x-latex"},
        {".library-ms", "application/windows-library+xml"},
        {".lit", "application/x-ms-reader"},
        {".loadtest", "application/xml"},
        {".lpk", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".lsf", "video/x-la-asf"},
        {".lst", "text/plain"},
        {".lsx", "video/x-la-asf"},
        {".lzh", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".m13", "application/x-msmediaview"},
        {".m14", "application/x-msmediaview"},
        {".m1v", "video/mpeg"},
        {".m2t", "video/vnd.dlna.mpeg-tts"},
        {".m2ts", "video/vnd.dlna.mpeg-tts"},
        {".m2v", "video/mpeg"},
        {".m3u", "audio/x-mpegurl"},
        {".m3u8", "audio/x-mpegurl"},
        {".m4a", "audio/m4a"},
        {".m4b", "audio/m4b"},
        {".m4p", "audio/m4p"},
        {".m4r", "audio/x-m4r"},
        {".m4v", "video/x-m4v"},
        {".mac", "image/x-macpaint"},
        {".mak", "text/plain"},
        {".man", "application/x-troff-man"},
        {".manifest", "application/x-ms-manifest"},
        {".map", "text/plain"},
        {".master", "application/xml"},
        {".mda", "application/msaccess"},
        {".mdb", "application/x-msaccess"},
        {".mde", "application/msaccess"},
        {".mdp", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".me", "application/x-troff-me"},
        {".mfp", "application/x-shockwave-flash"},
        {".mht", "message/rfc822"},
        {".mhtml", "message/rfc822"},
        {".mid", "audio/mid"},
        {".midi", "audio/mid"},
        {".mix", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".mk", "text/plain"},
        {".mmf", "application/x-smaf"},
        {".mno", "text/xml"},
        {".mny", "application/x-msmoney"},
        {".mod", "video/mpeg"},
        {".mov", "video/quicktime"},
        {".movie", "video/x-sgi-movie"},
        {".mp2", "video/mpeg"},
        {".mp2v", "video/mpeg"},
        {".mp3", "audio/mpeg"},
        {".mp4", "video/mp4"},
        {".mp4v", "video/mp4"},
        {".mpa", "video/mpeg"},
        {".mpe", "video/mpeg"},
        {".mpeg", "video/mpeg"},
        {".mpf", "application/vnd.ms-mediapackage"},
        {".mpg", "video/mpeg"},
        {".mpp", "application/vnd.ms-project"},
        {".mpv2", "video/mpeg"},
        {".mqv", "video/quicktime"},
        {".ms", "application/x-troff-ms"},
        {".msi", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".mso", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".mts", "video/vnd.dlna.mpeg-tts"},
        {".mtx", "application/xml"},
        {".mvb", "application/x-msmediaview"},
        {".mvc", "application/x-miva-compiled"},
        {".mxp", "application/x-mmxp"},
        {".nc", "application/x-netcdf"},
        {".nsc", "video/x-ms-asf"},
        {".nws", "message/rfc822"},
        {".ocx", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".oda", "application/oda"},
        {".odc", "text/x-ms-odc"},
        {".odh", "text/plain"},
        {".odl", "text/plain"},
        {".odp", "application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.presentation"},
        {".ods", "application/oleobject"},
        {".odt", "application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.text"},
        {".one", "application/onenote"},
        {".onea", "application/onenote"},
        {".onepkg", "application/onenote"},
        {".onetmp", "application/onenote"},
        {".onetoc", "application/onenote"},
        {".onetoc2", "application/onenote"},
        {".orderedtest", "application/xml"},
        {".osdx", "application/opensearchdescription+xml"},
        {".p10", "application/pkcs10"},
        {".p12", "application/x-pkcs12"},
        {".p7b", "application/x-pkcs7-certificates"},
        {".p7c", "application/pkcs7-mime"},
        {".p7m", "application/pkcs7-mime"},
        {".p7r", "application/x-pkcs7-certreqresp"},
        {".p7s", "application/pkcs7-signature"},
        {".pbm", "image/x-portable-bitmap"},
        {".pcast", "application/x-podcast"},
        {".pct", "image/pict"},
        {".pcx", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".pcz", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".pdf", "application/pdf"},
        {".pfb", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".pfm", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".pfx", "application/x-pkcs12"},
        {".pgm", "image/x-portable-graymap"},
        {".pic", "image/pict"},
        {".pict", "image/pict"},
        {".pkgdef", "text/plain"},
        {".pkgundef", "text/plain"},
        {".pko", "application/vnd.ms-pki.pko"},
        {".pls", "audio/scpls"},
        {".pma", "application/x-perfmon"},
        {".pmc", "application/x-perfmon"},
        {".pml", "application/x-perfmon"},
        {".pmr", "application/x-perfmon"},
        {".pmw", "application/x-perfmon"},
        {".png", "image/png"},
        {".pnm", "image/x-portable-anymap"},
        {".pnt", "image/x-macpaint"},
        {".pntg", "image/x-macpaint"},
        {".pnz", "image/png"},
        {".pot", "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint"},
        {".potm", "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint.template.macroEnabled.12"},
        {".potx", "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.template"},
        {".ppa", "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint"},
        {".ppam", "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint.addin.macroEnabled.12"},
        {".ppm", "image/x-portable-pixmap"},
        {".pps", "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint"},
        {".ppsm", "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint.slideshow.macroEnabled.12"},
        {".ppsx", "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.slideshow"},
        {".ppt", "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint"},
        {".pptm", "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint.presentation.macroEnabled.12"},
        {".pptx", "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.presentation"},
        {".prf", "application/pics-rules"},
        {".prm", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".prx", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".ps", "application/postscript"},
        {".psc1", "application/PowerShell"},
        {".psd", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".psess", "application/xml"},
        {".psm", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".psp", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".pub", "application/x-mspublisher"},
        {".pwz", "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint"},
        {".qht", "text/x-html-insertion"},
        {".qhtm", "text/x-html-insertion"},
        {".qt", "video/quicktime"},
        {".qti", "image/x-quicktime"},
        {".qtif", "image/x-quicktime"},
        {".qtl", "application/x-quicktimeplayer"},
        {".qxd", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".ra", "audio/x-pn-realaudio"},
        {".ram", "audio/x-pn-realaudio"},
        {".rar", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".ras", "image/x-cmu-raster"},
        {".rat", "application/rat-file"},
        {".rc", "text/plain"},
        {".rc2", "text/plain"},
        {".rct", "text/plain"},
        {".rdlc", "application/xml"},
        {".resx", "application/xml"},
        {".rf", "image/vnd.rn-realflash"},
        {".rgb", "image/x-rgb"},
        {".rgs", "text/plain"},
        {".rm", "application/vnd.rn-realmedia"},
        {".rmi", "audio/mid"},
        {".rmp", "application/vnd.rn-rn_music_package"},
        {".roff", "application/x-troff"},
        {".rpm", "audio/x-pn-realaudio-plugin"},
        {".rqy", "text/x-ms-rqy"},
        {".rtf", "application/rtf"},
        {".rtx", "text/richtext"},
        {".ruleset", "application/xml"},
        {".s", "text/plain"},
        {".safariextz", "application/x-safari-safariextz"},
        {".scd", "application/x-msschedule"},
        {".sct", "text/scriptlet"},
        {".sd2", "audio/x-sd2"},
        {".sdp", "application/sdp"},
        {".sea", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".searchConnector-ms", "application/windows-search-connector+xml"},
        {".setpay", "application/set-payment-initiation"},
        {".setreg", "application/set-registration-initiation"},
        {".settings", "application/xml"},
        {".sgimb", "application/x-sgimb"},
        {".sgml", "text/sgml"},
        {".sh", "application/x-sh"},
        {".shar", "application/x-shar"},
        {".shtml", "text/html"},
        {".sit", "application/x-stuffit"},
        {".sitemap", "application/xml"},
        {".skin", "application/xml"},
        {".sldm", "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint.slide.macroEnabled.12"},
        {".sldx", "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.slide"},
        {".slk", "application/vnd.ms-Excel"},
        {".sln", "text/plain"},
        {".slupkg-ms", "application/x-ms-license"},
        {".smd", "audio/x-smd"},
        {".smi", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".smx", "audio/x-smd"},
        {".smz", "audio/x-smd"},
        {".snd", "audio/basic"},
        {".snippet", "application/xml"},
        {".snp", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".sol", "text/plain"},
        {".sor", "text/plain"},
        {".spc", "application/x-pkcs7-certificates"},
        {".spl", "application/futuresplash"},
        {".src", "application/x-wais-source"},
        {".srf", "text/plain"},
        {".SSISDeploymentManifest", "text/xml"},
        {".ssm", "application/streamingmedia"},
        {".sst", "application/vnd.ms-pki.certstore"},
        {".stl", "application/vnd.ms-pki.stl"},
        {".sv4cpio", "application/x-sv4cpio"},
        {".sv4crc", "application/x-sv4crc"},
        {".svc", "application/xml"},
        {".swf", "application/x-shockwave-flash"},
        {".t", "application/x-troff"},
        {".tar", "application/x-tar"},
        {".tcl", "application/x-tcl"},
        {".testrunconfig", "application/xml"},
        {".testsettings", "application/xml"},
        {".tex", "application/x-tex"},
        {".texi", "application/x-texinfo"},
        {".texinfo", "application/x-texinfo"},
        {".tgz", "application/x-compressed"},
        {".thmx", "application/vnd.ms-officetheme"},
        {".thn", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".tif", "image/tiff"},
        {".tiff", "image/tiff"},
        {".tlh", "text/plain"},
        {".tli", "text/plain"},
        {".toc", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".tr", "application/x-troff"},
        {".trm", "application/x-msterminal"},
        {".trx", "application/xml"},
        {".ts", "video/vnd.dlna.mpeg-tts"},
        {".tsv", "text/tab-separated-values"},
        {".ttf", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".tts", "video/vnd.dlna.mpeg-tts"},
        {".txt", "text/plain"},
        {".u32", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".uls", "text/iuls"},
        {".user", "text/plain"},
        {".ustar", "application/x-ustar"},
        {".vb", "text/plain"},
        {".vbdproj", "text/plain"},
        {".vbk", "video/mpeg"},
        {".vbproj", "text/plain"},
        {".vbs", "text/vbscript"},
        {".vcf", "text/x-vcard"},
        {".vcproj", "Application/xml"},
        {".vcs", "text/plain"},
        {".vcxproj", "Application/xml"},
        {".vddproj", "text/plain"},
        {".vdp", "text/plain"},
        {".vdproj", "text/plain"},
        {".vdx", "application/vnd.ms-visio.viewer"},
        {".vml", "text/xml"},
        {".vscontent", "application/xml"},
        {".vsct", "text/xml"},
        {".vsd", "application/vnd.visio"},
        {".vsi", "application/ms-vsi"},
        {".vsix", "application/vsix"},
        {".vsixlangpack", "text/xml"},
        {".vsixmanifest", "text/xml"},
        {".vsmdi", "application/xml"},
        {".vspscc", "text/plain"},
        {".vss", "application/vnd.visio"},
        {".vsscc", "text/plain"},
        {".vssettings", "text/xml"},
        {".vssscc", "text/plain"},
        {".vst", "application/vnd.visio"},
        {".vstemplate", "text/xml"},
        {".vsto", "application/x-ms-vsto"},
        {".vsw", "application/vnd.visio"},
        {".vsx", "application/vnd.visio"},
        {".vtx", "application/vnd.visio"},
        {".wav", "audio/wav"},
        {".wave", "audio/wav"},
        {".wax", "audio/x-ms-wax"},
        {".wbk", "application/msword"},
        {".wbmp", "image/vnd.wap.wbmp"},
        {".wcm", "application/vnd.ms-works"},
        {".wdb", "application/vnd.ms-works"},
        {".wdp", "image/vnd.ms-photo"},
        {".webarchive", "application/x-safari-webarchive"},
        {".webtest", "application/xml"},
        {".wiq", "application/xml"},
        {".wiz", "application/msword"},
        {".wks", "application/vnd.ms-works"},
        {".WLMP", "application/wlmoviemaker"},
        {".wlpginstall", "application/x-wlpg-detect"},
        {".wlpginstall3", "application/x-wlpg3-detect"},
        {".wm", "video/x-ms-wm"},
        {".wma", "audio/x-ms-wma"},
        {".wmd", "application/x-ms-wmd"},
        {".wmf", "application/x-msmetafile"},
        {".wml", "text/vnd.wap.wml"},
        {".wmlc", "application/vnd.wap.wmlc"},
        {".wmls", "text/vnd.wap.wmlscript"},
        {".wmlsc", "application/vnd.wap.wmlscriptc"},
        {".wmp", "video/x-ms-wmp"},
        {".wmv", "video/x-ms-wmv"},
        {".wmx", "video/x-ms-wmx"},
        {".wmz", "application/x-ms-wmz"},
        {".wpl", "application/vnd.ms-wpl"},
        {".wps", "application/vnd.ms-works"},
        {".wri", "application/x-mswrite"},
        {".wrl", "x-world/x-vrml"},
        {".wrz", "x-world/x-vrml"},
        {".wsc", "text/scriptlet"},
        {".wsdl", "text/xml"},
        {".wvx", "video/x-ms-wvx"},
        {".x", "application/directx"},
        {".xaf", "x-world/x-vrml"},
        {".xaml", "application/xaml+xml"},
        {".xap", "application/x-silverlight-app"},
        {".xbap", "application/x-ms-xbap"},
        {".xbm", "image/x-xbitmap"},
        {".xdr", "text/plain"},
        {".xht", "application/xhtml+xml"},
        {".xhtml", "application/xhtml+xml"},
        {".xla", "application/vnd.ms-Excel"},
        {".xlam", "application/vnd.ms-Excel.addin.macroEnabled.12"},
        {".xlc", "application/vnd.ms-Excel"},
        {".xld", "application/vnd.ms-Excel"},
        {".xlk", "application/vnd.ms-Excel"},
        {".xll", "application/vnd.ms-Excel"},
        {".xlm", "application/vnd.ms-Excel"},
        {".xls", "application/vnd.ms-Excel"},
        {".xlsb", "application/vnd.ms-Excel.sheet.binary.macroEnabled.12"},
        {".xlsm", "application/vnd.ms-Excel.sheet.macroEnabled.12"},
        {".xlsx", "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet"},
        {".xlt", "application/vnd.ms-Excel"},
        {".xltm", "application/vnd.ms-Excel.template.macroEnabled.12"},
        {".xltx", "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.template"},
        {".xlw", "application/vnd.ms-Excel"},
        {".xml", "text/xml"},
        {".xmta", "application/xml"},
        {".xof", "x-world/x-vrml"},
        {".XOML", "text/plain"},
        {".xpm", "image/x-xpixmap"},
        {".xps", "application/vnd.ms-xpsdocument"},
        {".xrm-ms", "text/xml"},
        {".xsc", "application/xml"},
        {".xsd", "text/xml"},
        {".xsf", "text/xml"},
        {".xsl", "text/xml"},
        {".xslt", "text/xml"},
        {".xsn", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".xss", "application/xml"},
        {".xtp", "application/octet-stream"},
        {".xwd", "image/x-xwindowdump"},
        {".z", "application/x-compress"},
        {".Zip", "application/x-Zip-compressed"},
        #endregion

        };

    }
}
9
Shimon Doodkin

Die meisten Lösungen funktionieren, aber warum sollten Sie sich die Mühe machen, während wir den Mime-Typ auch sehr leicht erhalten können .. In System.Web Assembly gibt es eine Methode, um den Mime-Typ aus dem Dateinamen zu holen.

string mimeType = MimeMapping.GetMimeMapping(filename);
2
Arun Sharma

Inspiriert von Samuels Antwort schrieb ich eine verbesserte Version:

  • Funktioniert auch, wenn die Erweiterung in Großbuchstaben ist.
  • Dateiname als Eingabe verwenden, Dateien ohne Erweiterungen ordnungsgemäß behandeln.
  • Nicht einschließen "." in schlüsseln.
  • Liste aus Apache , für die ich ein kleines Transformationsskript geschrieben habe.

Der resultierende Quellcode umfasst mehr als 30.000 Zeichen, daher kann ich ihn hier nicht posten. Überprüfen Sie ihn auf Github .

2
Nicolas Raoul

** Use MediaTypeNames-Klasse -> Beispiel: MediaTypeNames.Application.Pdf **  enter image description here

1
AminGolmahalle

Sie können die Tabelle aus Apache s httpd verwenden. Es sollte trivial sein, dies in eine Funktion, ein Wörterbuch, eine Liste usw. abzubilden.

Wie Sie sehen, ist der Extension-Mime-Typ here - nicht notwendigerweise eine Funktion. Es gibt möglicherweise mehrere gemeinsame MIME-Typen pro Dateierweiterung. Sie sollten sich also die Anforderungen Ihrer Anwendung ansehen und herausfinden, warum Sie sich für MIME-Typen interessieren, was Sie mit diesen "tun" möchten usw. Sie können Dateierweiterungen verwenden, um sie einzugeben das gleiche Verhalten? Müssen Sie die ersten Bytes einer Datei lesen, um auch den MIME-Typ zu bestimmen?

1
maxwellb

Um den Beitrag umfassender zu gestalten, gibt es für .NET Core devs FileExtensionContentTypeProvider class, die die offiziellen MIME-Inhaltstypen abdeckt. 

Es funktioniert im Hintergrund - setzt ContentType in den HTTP-Response-Headern basierend auf der Dateinamenerweiterung.

Falls Sie spezielle MIME-Typen benötigen, siehe Beispiel zum Anpassen der MIME-Typen :

public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app)
{
    // Set up custom content types -associating file extension to MIME type
    var provider = new FileExtensionContentTypeProvider();
    // Add new mappings
    provider.Mappings[".myapp"] = "application/x-msdownload";
    provider.Mappings[".htm3"] = "text/html";
    provider.Mappings[".image"] = "image/png";
    // Replace an existing mapping
    provider.Mappings[".rtf"] = "application/x-msdownload";
    // Remove MP4 videos.
    provider.Mappings.Remove(".mp4");

    app.UseStaticFiles(new StaticFileOptions()
    {
        FileProvider = new PhysicalFileProvider(
            Path.Combine(Directory.GetCurrentDirectory(), @"wwwroot", "images")),
        RequestPath = new PathString("/MyImages"),
        ContentTypeProvider = provider
    });

    app.UseDirectoryBrowser(new DirectoryBrowserOptions()
    {
        FileProvider = new PhysicalFileProvider(
            Path.Combine(Directory.GetCurrentDirectory(), @"wwwroot", "images")),
        RequestPath = new PathString("/MyImages")
    });
}
1
Alex Klaus

Ich weiß, die Frage ist für C #. Ich möchte nur im Javascript-Format, da ich die Antwort von Samuel konvertiert habe:

export const contentTypes = {

".323": "text/h323",
".3g2": "video/3gpp2",
".3gp": "video/3gpp",
".3gp2": "video/3gpp2",
".3gpp": "video/3gpp",
".7z": "application/x-7z-compressed",
".aa": "audio/audible",
".AAC": "audio/aac",
".aaf": "application/octet-stream",
".aax": "audio/vnd.audible.aax",
".ac3": "audio/ac3",
".aca": "application/octet-stream",
".accda": "application/msaccess.addin",
".accdb": "application/msaccess",
".accdc": "application/msaccess.cab",
".accde": "application/msaccess",
".accdr": "application/msaccess.runtime",
".accdt": "application/msaccess",
".accdw": "application/msaccess.webapplication",
".accft": "application/msaccess.ftemplate",
".acx": "application/internet-property-stream",
".AddIn": "text/xml",
".ade": "application/msaccess",
".adobebridge": "application/x-bridge-url",
".adp": "application/msaccess",
".ADT": "audio/vnd.dlna.adts",
".ADTS": "audio/aac",
".afm": "application/octet-stream",
".ai": "application/postscript",
".aif": "audio/x-aiff",
".aifc": "audio/aiff",
".aiff": "audio/aiff",
".air": "application/vnd.Adobe.air-application-installer-package+Zip",
".amc": "application/x-mpeg",
".application": "application/x-ms-application",
".art": "image/x-jg",
".asa": "application/xml",
".asax": "application/xml",
".ascx": "application/xml",
".asd": "application/octet-stream",
".asf": "video/x-ms-asf",
".ashx": "application/xml",
".asi": "application/octet-stream",
".asm": "text/plain",
".asmx": "application/xml",
".aspx": "application/xml",
".asr": "video/x-ms-asf",
".asx": "video/x-ms-asf",
".atom": "application/atom+xml",
".au": "audio/basic",
".avi": "video/x-msvideo",
".axs": "application/olescript",
".bas": "text/plain",
".bcpio": "application/x-bcpio",
".bin": "application/octet-stream",
".bmp": "image/bmp",
".c": "text/plain",
".cab": "application/octet-stream",
".caf": "audio/x-caf",
".calx": "application/vnd.ms-office.calx",
".cat": "application/vnd.ms-pki.seccat",
".cc": "text/plain",
".cd": "text/plain",
".cdda": "audio/aiff",
".cdf": "application/x-cdf",
".cer": "application/x-x509-ca-cert",
".chm": "application/octet-stream",
".class": "application/x-Java-applet",
".clp": "application/x-msclip",
".cmx": "image/x-cmx",
".cnf": "text/plain",
".cod": "image/cis-cod",
".config": "application/xml",
".contact": "text/x-ms-contact",
".coverage": "application/xml",
".cpio": "application/x-cpio",
".cpp": "text/plain",
".crd": "application/x-mscardfile",
".crl": "application/pkix-crl",
".crt": "application/x-x509-ca-cert",
".cs": "text/plain",
".csdproj": "text/plain",
".csh": "application/x-csh",
".csproj": "text/plain",
".css": "text/css",
".csv": "text/csv",
".cur": "application/octet-stream",
".cxx": "text/plain",
".dat": "application/octet-stream",
".datasource": "application/xml",
".dbproj": "text/plain",
".dcr": "application/x-director",
".def": "text/plain",
".deploy": "application/octet-stream",
".der": "application/x-x509-ca-cert",
".dgml": "application/xml",
".dib": "image/bmp",
".dif": "video/x-dv",
".dir": "application/x-director",
".disco": "text/xml",
".dll": "application/x-msdownload",
".dll.config": "text/xml",
".dlm": "text/dlm",
".doc": "application/msword",
".docm": "application/vnd.ms-Word.document.macroEnabled.12",
".docx": "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document",
".dot": "application/msword",
".dotm": "application/vnd.ms-Word.template.macroEnabled.12",
".dotx": "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.template",
".dsp": "application/octet-stream",
".dsw": "text/plain",
".dtd": "text/xml",
".dtsConfig": "text/xml",
".dv": "video/x-dv",
".dvi": "application/x-dvi",
".dwf": "drawing/x-dwf",
".dwp": "application/octet-stream",
".dxr": "application/x-director",
".eml": "message/rfc822",
".emz": "application/octet-stream",
".eot": "application/octet-stream",
".eps": "application/postscript",
".etl": "application/etl",
".etx": "text/x-setext",
".evy": "application/envoy",
".exe": "application/octet-stream",
".exe.config": "text/xml",
".fdf": "application/vnd.fdf",
".fif": "application/fractals",
".filters": "Application/xml",
".fla": "application/octet-stream",
".flr": "x-world/x-vrml",
".flv": "video/x-flv",
".fsscript": "application/fsharp-script",
".fsx": "application/fsharp-script",
".generictest": "application/xml",
".gif": "image/gif",
".group": "text/x-ms-group",
".gsm": "audio/x-gsm",
".gtar": "application/x-gtar",
".gz": "application/x-gzip",
".h": "text/plain",
".hdf": "application/x-hdf",
".hdml": "text/x-hdml",
".hhc": "application/x-oleobject",
".hhk": "application/octet-stream",
".hhp": "application/octet-stream",
".hlp": "application/winhlp",
".hpp": "text/plain",
".hqx": "application/mac-binhex40",
".hta": "application/hta",
".htc": "text/x-component",
".htm": "text/html",
".html": "text/html",
".htt": "text/webviewhtml",
".hxa": "application/xml",
".hxc": "application/xml",
".hxd": "application/octet-stream",
".hxe": "application/xml",
".hxf": "application/xml",
".hxh": "application/octet-stream",
".hxi": "application/octet-stream",
".hxk": "application/xml",
".hxq": "application/octet-stream",
".hxr": "application/octet-stream",
".hxs": "application/octet-stream",
".hxt": "text/html",
".hxv": "application/xml",
".hxw": "application/octet-stream",
".hxx": "text/plain",
".i": "text/plain",
".ico": "image/x-icon",
".ics": "application/octet-stream",
".idl": "text/plain",
".ief": "image/ief",
".iii": "application/x-iphone",
".inc": "text/plain",
".inf": "application/octet-stream",
".inl": "text/plain",
".ins": "application/x-internet-signup",
".ipa": "application/x-iTunes-ipa",
".ipg": "application/x-iTunes-ipg",
".ipproj": "text/plain",
".ipsw": "application/x-iTunes-ipsw",
".iqy": "text/x-ms-iqy",
".isp": "application/x-internet-signup",
".ite": "application/x-iTunes-ite",
".itlp": "application/x-iTunes-itlp",
".itms": "application/x-iTunes-itms",
".itpc": "application/x-iTunes-itpc",
".IVF": "video/x-ivf",
".jar": "application/Java-archive",
".Java": "application/octet-stream",
".jck": "application/liquidmotion",
".jcz": "application/liquidmotion",
".jfif": "image/pjpeg",
".jnlp": "application/x-Java-jnlp-file",
".jpb": "application/octet-stream",
".jpe": "image/jpeg",
".jpeg": "image/jpeg",
".jpg": "image/jpeg",
".js": "application/x-javascript",
".json": "application/json",
".jsx": "text/jscript",
".jsxbin": "text/plain",
".latex": "application/x-latex",
".library-ms": "application/windows-library+xml",
".lit": "application/x-ms-reader",
".loadtest": "application/xml",
".lpk": "application/octet-stream",
".lsf": "video/x-la-asf",
".lst": "text/plain",
".lsx": "video/x-la-asf",
".lzh": "application/octet-stream",
".m13": "application/x-msmediaview",
".m14": "application/x-msmediaview",
".m1v": "video/mpeg",
".m2t": "video/vnd.dlna.mpeg-tts",
".m2ts": "video/vnd.dlna.mpeg-tts",
".m2v": "video/mpeg",
".m3u": "audio/x-mpegurl",
".m3u8": "audio/x-mpegurl",
".m4a": "audio/m4a",
".m4b": "audio/m4b",
".m4p": "audio/m4p",
".m4r": "audio/x-m4r",
".m4v": "video/x-m4v",
".mac": "image/x-macpaint",
".mak": "text/plain",
".man": "application/x-troff-man",
".manifest": "application/x-ms-manifest",
".map": "text/plain",
".master": "application/xml",
".mda": "application/msaccess",
".mdb": "application/x-msaccess",
".mde": "application/msaccess",
".mdp": "application/octet-stream",
".me": "application/x-troff-me",
".mfp": "application/x-shockwave-flash",
".mht": "message/rfc822",
".mhtml": "message/rfc822",
".mid": "audio/mid",
".midi": "audio/mid",
".mix": "application/octet-stream",
".mk": "text/plain",
".mmf": "application/x-smaf",
".mno": "text/xml",
".mny": "application/x-msmoney",
".mod": "video/mpeg",
".mov": "video/quicktime",
".movie": "video/x-sgi-movie",
".mp2": "video/mpeg",
".mp2v": "video/mpeg",
".mp3": "audio/mpeg",
".mp4": "video/mp4",
".mp4v": "video/mp4",
".mpa": "video/mpeg",
".mpe": "video/mpeg",
".mpeg": "video/mpeg",
".mpf": "application/vnd.ms-mediapackage",
".mpg": "video/mpeg",
".mpp": "application/vnd.ms-project",
".mpv2": "video/mpeg",
".mqv": "video/quicktime",
".ms": "application/x-troff-ms",
".msi": "application/octet-stream",
".mso": "application/octet-stream",
".mts": "video/vnd.dlna.mpeg-tts",
".mtx": "application/xml",
".mvb": "application/x-msmediaview",
".mvc": "application/x-miva-compiled",
".mxp": "application/x-mmxp",
".nc": "application/x-netcdf",
".nsc": "video/x-ms-asf",
".nws": "message/rfc822",
".ocx": "application/octet-stream",
".oda": "application/oda",
".odc": "text/x-ms-odc",
".odh": "text/plain",
".odl": "text/plain",
".odp": "application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.presentation",
".ods": "application/oleobject",
".odt": "application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.text",
".one": "application/onenote",
".onea": "application/onenote",
".onepkg": "application/onenote",
".onetmp": "application/onenote",
".onetoc": "application/onenote",
".onetoc2": "application/onenote",
".orderedtest": "application/xml",
".osdx": "application/opensearchdescription+xml",
".p10": "application/pkcs10",
".p12": "application/x-pkcs12",
".p7b": "application/x-pkcs7-certificates",
".p7c": "application/pkcs7-mime",
".p7m": "application/pkcs7-mime",
".p7r": "application/x-pkcs7-certreqresp",
".p7s": "application/pkcs7-signature",
".pbm": "image/x-portable-bitmap",
".pcast": "application/x-podcast",
".pct": "image/pict",
".pcx": "application/octet-stream",
".pcz": "application/octet-stream",
".pdf": "application/pdf",
".pfb": "application/octet-stream",
".pfm": "application/octet-stream",
".pfx": "application/x-pkcs12",
".pgm": "image/x-portable-graymap",
".pic": "image/pict",
".pict": "image/pict",
".pkgdef": "text/plain",
".pkgundef": "text/plain",
".pko": "application/vnd.ms-pki.pko",
".pls": "audio/scpls",
".pma": "application/x-perfmon",
".pmc": "application/x-perfmon",
".pml": "application/x-perfmon",
".pmr": "application/x-perfmon",
".pmw": "application/x-perfmon",
".png": "image/png",
".pnm": "image/x-portable-anymap",
".pnt": "image/x-macpaint",
".pntg": "image/x-macpaint",
".pnz": "image/png",
".pot": "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint",
".potm": "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint.template.macroEnabled.12",
".potx": "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.template",
".ppa": "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint",
".ppam": "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint.addin.macroEnabled.12",
".ppm": "image/x-portable-pixmap",
".pps": "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint",
".ppsm": "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint.slideshow.macroEnabled.12",
".ppsx": "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.slideshow",
".ppt": "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint",
".pptm": "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint.presentation.macroEnabled.12",
".pptx": "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.presentation",
".prf": "application/pics-rules",
".prm": "application/octet-stream",
".prx": "application/octet-stream",
".ps": "application/postscript",
".psc1": "application/PowerShell",
".psd": "application/octet-stream",
".psess": "application/xml",
".psm": "application/octet-stream",
".psp": "application/octet-stream",
".pub": "application/x-mspublisher",
".pwz": "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint",
".qht": "text/x-html-insertion",
".qhtm": "text/x-html-insertion",
".qt": "video/quicktime",
".qti": "image/x-quicktime",
".qtif": "image/x-quicktime",
".qtl": "application/x-quicktimeplayer",
".qxd": "application/octet-stream",
".ra": "audio/x-pn-realaudio",
".ram": "audio/x-pn-realaudio",
".rar": "application/octet-stream",
".ras": "image/x-cmu-raster",
".rat": "application/rat-file",
".rc": "text/plain",
".rc2": "text/plain",
".rct": "text/plain",
".rdlc": "application/xml",
".resx": "application/xml",
".rf": "image/vnd.rn-realflash",
".rgb": "image/x-rgb",
".rgs": "text/plain",
".rm": "application/vnd.rn-realmedia",
".rmi": "audio/mid",
".rmp": "application/vnd.rn-rn_music_package",
".roff": "application/x-troff",
".rpm": "audio/x-pn-realaudio-plugin",
".rqy": "text/x-ms-rqy",
".rtf": "application/rtf",
".rtx": "text/richtext",
".ruleset": "application/xml",
".s": "text/plain",
".safariextz": "application/x-safari-safariextz",
".scd": "application/x-msschedule",
".sct": "text/scriptlet",
".sd2": "audio/x-sd2",
".sdp": "application/sdp",
".sea": "application/octet-stream",
".searchConnector-ms": "application/windows-search-connector+xml",
".setpay": "application/set-payment-initiation",
".setreg": "application/set-registration-initiation",
".settings": "application/xml",
".sgimb": "application/x-sgimb",
".sgml": "text/sgml",
".sh": "application/x-sh",
".shar": "application/x-shar",
".shtml": "text/html",
".sit": "application/x-stuffit",
".sitemap": "application/xml",
".skin": "application/xml",
".sldm": "application/vnd.ms-PowerPoint.slide.macroEnabled.12",
".sldx": "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.slide",
".slk": "application/vnd.ms-Excel",
".sln": "text/plain",
".slupkg-ms": "application/x-ms-license",
".smd": "audio/x-smd",
".smi": "application/octet-stream",
".smx": "audio/x-smd",
".smz": "audio/x-smd",
".snd": "audio/basic",
".snippet": "application/xml",
".snp": "application/octet-stream",
".sol": "text/plain",
".sor": "text/plain",
".spc": "application/x-pkcs7-certificates",
".spl": "application/futuresplash",
".src": "application/x-wais-source",
".srf": "text/plain",
".SSISDeploymentManifest": "text/xml",
".ssm": "application/streamingmedia",
".sst": "application/vnd.ms-pki.certstore",
".stl": "application/vnd.ms-pki.stl",
".sv4cpio": "application/x-sv4cpio",
".sv4crc": "application/x-sv4crc",
".svc": "application/xml",
".swf": "application/x-shockwave-flash",
".t": "application/x-troff",
".tar": "application/x-tar",
".tcl": "application/x-tcl",
".testrunconfig": "application/xml",
".testsettings": "application/xml",
".tex": "application/x-tex",
".texi": "application/x-texinfo",
".texinfo": "application/x-texinfo",
".tgz": "application/x-compressed",
".thmx": "application/vnd.ms-officetheme",
".thn": "application/octet-stream",
".tif": "image/tiff",
".tiff": "image/tiff",
".tlh": "text/plain",
".tli": "text/plain",
".toc": "application/octet-stream",
".tr": "application/x-troff",
".trm": "application/x-msterminal",
".trx": "application/xml",
".ts": "video/vnd.dlna.mpeg-tts",
".tsv": "text/tab-separated-values",
".ttf": "application/octet-stream",
".tts": "video/vnd.dlna.mpeg-tts",
".txt": "text/plain",
".u32": "application/octet-stream",
".uls": "text/iuls",
".user": "text/plain",
".ustar": "application/x-ustar",
".vb": "text/plain",
".vbdproj": "text/plain",
".vbk": "video/mpeg",
".vbproj": "text/plain",
".vbs": "text/vbscript",
".vcf": "text/x-vcard",
".vcproj": "Application/xml",
".vcs": "text/plain",
".vcxproj": "Application/xml",
".vddproj": "text/plain",
".vdp": "text/plain",
".vdproj": "text/plain",
".vdx": "application/vnd.ms-visio.viewer",
".vml": "text/xml",
".vscontent": "application/xml",
".vsct": "text/xml",
".vsd": "application/vnd.visio",
".vsi": "application/ms-vsi",
".vsix": "application/vsix",
".vsixlangpack": "text/xml",
".vsixmanifest": "text/xml",
".vsmdi": "application/xml",
".vspscc": "text/plain",
".vss": "application/vnd.visio",
".vsscc": "text/plain",
".vssettings": "text/xml",
".vssscc": "text/plain",
".vst": "application/vnd.visio",
".vstemplate": "text/xml",
".vsto": "application/x-ms-vsto",
".vsw": "application/vnd.visio",
".vsx": "application/vnd.visio",
".vtx": "application/vnd.visio",
".wav": "audio/wav",
".wave": "audio/wav",
".wax": "audio/x-ms-wax",
".wbk": "application/msword",
".wbmp": "image/vnd.wap.wbmp",
".wcm": "application/vnd.ms-works",
".wdb": "application/vnd.ms-works",
".wdp": "image/vnd.ms-photo",
".webarchive": "application/x-safari-webarchive",
".webtest": "application/xml",
".wiq": "application/xml",
".wiz": "application/msword",
".wks": "application/vnd.ms-works",
".WLMP": "application/wlmoviemaker",
".wlpginstall": "application/x-wlpg-detect",
".wlpginstall3": "application/x-wlpg3-detect",
".wm": "video/x-ms-wm",
".wma": "audio/x-ms-wma",
".wmd": "application/x-ms-wmd",
".wmf": "application/x-msmetafile",
".wml": "text/vnd.wap.wml",
".wmlc": "application/vnd.wap.wmlc",
".wmls": "text/vnd.wap.wmlscript",
".wmlsc": "application/vnd.wap.wmlscriptc",
".wmp": "video/x-ms-wmp",
".wmv": "video/x-ms-wmv",
".wmx": "video/x-ms-wmx",
".wmz": "application/x-ms-wmz",
".wpl": "application/vnd.ms-wpl",
".wps": "application/vnd.ms-works",
".wri": "application/x-mswrite",
".wrl": "x-world/x-vrml",
".wrz": "x-world/x-vrml",
".wsc": "text/scriptlet",
".wsdl": "text/xml",
".wvx": "video/x-ms-wvx",
".x": "application/directx",
".xaf": "x-world/x-vrml",
".xaml": "application/xaml+xml",
".xap": "application/x-silverlight-app",
".xbap": "application/x-ms-xbap",
".xbm": "image/x-xbitmap",
".xdr": "text/plain",
".xht": "application/xhtml+xml",
".xhtml": "application/xhtml+xml",
".xla": "application/vnd.ms-Excel",
".xlam": "application/vnd.ms-Excel.addin.macroEnabled.12",
".xlc": "application/vnd.ms-Excel",
".xld": "application/vnd.ms-Excel",
".xlk": "application/vnd.ms-Excel",
".xll": "application/vnd.ms-Excel",
".xlm": "application/vnd.ms-Excel",
".xls": "application/vnd.ms-Excel",
".xlsb": "application/vnd.ms-Excel.sheet.binary.macroEnabled.12",
".xlsm": "application/vnd.ms-Excel.sheet.macroEnabled.12",
".xlsx": "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet",
".xlt": "application/vnd.ms-Excel",
".xltm": "application/vnd.ms-Excel.template.macroEnabled.12",
".xltx": "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.template",
".xlw": "application/vnd.ms-Excel",
".xml": "text/xml",
".xmta": "application/xml",
".xof": "x-world/x-vrml",
".XOML": "text/plain",
".xpm": "image/x-xpixmap",
".xps": "application/vnd.ms-xpsdocument",
".xrm-ms": "text/xml",
".xsc": "application/xml",
".xsd": "text/xml",
".xsf": "text/xml",
".xsl": "text/xml",
".xslt": "text/xml",
".xsn": "application/octet-stream",
".xss": "application/xml",
".xtp": "application/octet-stream",
".xwd": "image/x-xwindowdump",
".z": "application/x-compress",
".Zip": "application/x-Zip-compressed"
}
0
Abel Valdez

Ich habe eine Liste von seriösen Quellen für MIME-Typ- und Inhaltstypwerte zusammengestellt, die ausschließlich auf der Dateierweiterung (derzeit) gespeichert sind. 

Das Nuget-Paket ist hier https://www.nuget.org/packages/FTTLib.dll/

und Quelle ist hier https://github.com/brondavies/filetypetranslator/

Diese Bibliothek soll Folgendes haben:

  • Keine externen Abhängigkeiten
  • Kein Dateisystemzugriff
  • Kleiner Speicherbedarf
  • Einfache statische Methoden (keine Erweiterungsmethoden und keine instantiierbaren Klassen)
  • Groß- und Kleinschreibung wird nicht berücksichtigt
  • Portable - funktioniert in Anwendungen, die auf jede CLR abzielen (.NET 2.0 und höher)
0
Bron Davies

Es ist nicht immer erforderlich, dass der durch die Erweiterung der Datei berechnete Mime-Typ immer richtig ist.

nehmen wir an, ich kann eine Datei mit der Erweiterung .png speichern, aber das Dateiformat kann ich als "ImageFormat.jpeg" festlegen.

In diesem Fall führt die Datei, die Sie berechnen, zu einem anderen Ergebnis. Dies kann zu einer großen Datei führen, die größer ist als die des Originals.

Wenn Sie mit Bildern arbeiten, können Sie imagecodecInfo und ImageFormat verwenden.

0
Samuel Joy

Bryan Dennys Beitrag oben funktioniert nicht für mich, da nicht alle Erweiterungen einen "Content Type" -Unterschlüssel in der Registrierung haben. Ich musste den Code wie folgt anpassen:

private string GetMimeType(string sFileName)
{
  // Get file extension and if it is empty, return unknown
  string sExt = Path.GetExtension(sFileName);
  if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(sExt)) return "Unknown file type";

  // Default type is "EXT File"
  string mimeType = string.Format("{0} File", sExt.ToUpper().Replace(".", ""));

  // Open the registry key for the extension under HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT and return default if it doesn't exist
  Microsoft.Win32.RegistryKey regKey = Microsoft.Win32.Registry.ClassesRoot.OpenSubKey(sExt);
  if (regKey == null) return mimeType;

  // Get the "(Default)" value and re-open the key for that value
  string sSubType = regKey.GetValue("").ToString();
  regKey = Microsoft.Win32.Registry.ClassesRoot.OpenSubKey(sSubType);

  // If it exists, get the "(Default)" value of the new key
  if (regKey?.GetValue("") != null) mimeType = regKey.GetValue("").ToString();

  // Return the value
  return mimeType;
}

Jetzt funktioniert es für mich mit allen registrierten Dateitypen und nicht registrierten oder generischen Dateitypen (wie JPG usw.).

0
Jaisimha

Wenn Sie keine weiteren Abhängigkeiten hinzufügen möchten und dennoch versionsunabhängige Anforderungen haben möchten, können Sie diese Antwort, wie Sie den MIME-Type in verschiedenen .NET-Versionen erhalten mit diese Antwort auf bedingte Builds für mehrere. NET Framework-Versionen .

Als erstes habe ich meine Projektdatei bearbeitet. Nach der letzten Builddefinition habe ich die Eigenschaftsgruppe hinzugefügt, wie in der zweiten Antwort angegeben:

<PropertyGroup>
    <DefineConstants Condition=" !$(DefineConstants.Contains(';NET')) ">$(DefineConstants);$(TargetFrameworkVersion.Replace("v", "NET").Replace(".", ""))</DefineConstants>
    <DefineConstants Condition=" $(DefineConstants.Contains(';NET')) ">$(DefineConstants.Remove($(DefineConstants.LastIndexOf(";NET"))));$(TargetFrameworkVersion.Replace("v", "NET").Replace(".", ""))</DefineConstants>
</PropertyGroup>

Jetzt habe ich für die MimeExtensionHelper eine andere Implementierung als die erste Antwort bereitgestellt, eine weitere für alle Clients ab .NET 4.5 oder später einfach den Aufruf von System.Web.MimeMapping.GetMimeMapping:

#if (NET10 || NET11 || NET20 || NET30 || NET35)
public static class MimeExtensionHelper
{
    static object locker = new object();
    static MethodInfo getMimeMappingMethodInfo;

    static MimeExtensionHelper()
    {
        Type mimeMappingType = Assembly.GetAssembly(typeof(HttpRuntime)).GetType("System.Web.MimeMapping");

        if (mimeMappingType == null)
            throw new SystemException("Couldnt find MimeMapping type");

        ConstructorInfo constructorInfo = mimeMappingType.GetConstructor(BindingFlags.NonPublic | BindingFlags.Instance, null, Type.EmptyTypes, null);

        if (constructorInfo == null)
            throw new SystemException("Couldnt find default constructor for MimeMapping");

        mimeMapping = constructorInfo.Invoke(null);

        if (mimeMapping == null)
            throw new SystemException("Couldnt find MimeMapping");

        getMimeMappingMethodInfo = mimeMappingType.GetMethod("GetMimeMapping", BindingFlags.Static | BindingFlags.NonPublic);

        if (getMimeMappingMethodInfo == null)
            throw new SystemException("Couldnt find GetMimeMapping method");

        if (getMimeMappingMethodInfo.ReturnType != typeof(string))
            throw new SystemException("GetMimeMapping method has invalid return type");

        if (getMimeMappingMethodInfo.GetParameters().Length != 1 && getMimeMappingMethodInfo.GetParameters()[0].ParameterType != typeof(string))
            throw new SystemException("GetMimeMapping method has invalid parameters");
    }

    public static string GetMimeType(string fileName)
    {
        lock (locker)
        {
            return (string)getMimeMappingMethodInfo.Invoke(null, new object[] { fileName });
        }
    }
}
#Elif NET40
public static class MimeExtensionHelper
{
    static object locker = new object();
    static MethodInfo getMimeMappingMethodInfo;

    static MimeExtensionHelper()
    {
        Type mimeMappingType = Assembly.GetAssembly(typeof(HttpRuntime)).GetType("System.Web.MimeMapping");

        if (mimeMappingType == null)
            throw new SystemException("Couldnt find MimeMapping type");           

        getMimeMappingMethodInfo = mimeMappingType.GetMethod("GetMimeMapping", BindingFlags.Static | BindingFlags.NonPublic | BindingFlags.Public);

        if (getMimeMappingMethodInfo == null)
            throw new SystemException("Couldnt find GetMimeMapping method");

        if (getMimeMappingMethodInfo.ReturnType != typeof(string))
            throw new SystemException("GetMimeMapping method has invalid return type");

        if (getMimeMappingMethodInfo.GetParameters().Length != 1 && getMimeMappingMethodInfo.GetParameters()[0].ParameterType != typeof(string))
            throw new SystemException("GetMimeMapping method has invalid parameters");
    }

    public static string GetMimeType(string fileName)
    {
        lock (locker)
        {
            return (string)getMimeMappingMethodInfo.Invoke(null, new object[] { fileName });
        }
    }
}
#else // .NET 4.5 or later
public static class MimeExtensionHelper
{
    public static string GetMimeType(string fileName)
    {
        return MimeMapping.GetMimeMapping(fileName);
    }
}
#endif

In den Versionen vor .NET 4.5 beherbergt die statische MimeMapping-Klasse eine statische Instanz namens _mappingDictionary (vom Typ MimeMapping.MimeMappingDictionaryBase), die Sie von Reflection anfordern können, um neue MIME-Typen hinzuzufügen, die möglicherweise noch nicht unterstützt werden.

0
Carsten

Diese Hilfsklasse gibt den Mime-Typ (Inhaltstyp), eine Beschreibung und Symbole für jeden Dateinamen zurück:

using Microsoft.Win32;
using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.IO;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;

public static class Helper
{
    [DllImport("Shell32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto)]
    private static extern int ExtractIconEx(string lpszFile, int nIconIndex, IntPtr[] phIconLarge, IntPtr[] phIconSmall, int nIcons);

    [DllImport("user32.dll", SetLastError = true)]
    private static extern int DestroyIcon(IntPtr hIcon);

    public static string GetFileContentType(string fileName)
    {
        if (fileName == null)
        {
            throw new ArgumentNullException("fileName");
        }

        RegistryKey registryKey = null;
        try
        {
            FileInfo fileInfo = new FileInfo(fileName);

            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(fileInfo.Extension))
            {
                return string.Empty;
            }

            string extension = fileInfo.Extension.ToLowerInvariant();

            registryKey = Registry.ClassesRoot.OpenSubKey(extension);
            if (registryKey == null)
            {
                return string.Empty;
            }

            object contentTypeObject = registryKey.GetValue("Content Type");
            if (!(contentTypeObject is string))
            {
                return string.Empty;
            }

            string contentType = (string)contentTypeObject;

            return contentType;
        }
        catch (Exception)
        {
            return null;
        }
        finally
        {
            if (registryKey != null)
            {
                registryKey.Close();
            }
        }
    }

    public static string GetFileDescription(string fileName)
    {
        if (fileName == null)
        {
            throw new ArgumentNullException("fileName");
        }

        RegistryKey registryKey1 = null;
        RegistryKey registryKey2 = null;
        try
        {
            FileInfo fileInfo = new FileInfo(fileName);

            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(fileInfo.Extension))
            {
                return string.Empty;
            }

            string extension = fileInfo.Extension.ToLowerInvariant();

            registryKey1 = Registry.ClassesRoot.OpenSubKey(extension);
            if (registryKey1 == null)
            {
                return string.Empty;
            }

            object extensionDefaultObject = registryKey1.GetValue(null);
            if (!(extensionDefaultObject is string))
            {
                return string.Empty;
            }

            string extensionDefaultValue = (string)extensionDefaultObject;

            registryKey2 = Registry.ClassesRoot.OpenSubKey(extensionDefaultValue);
            if (registryKey2 == null)
            {
                return string.Empty;
            }

            object fileDescriptionObject = registryKey2.GetValue(null);
            if (!(fileDescriptionObject is string))
            {
                return string.Empty;
            }

            string fileDescription = (string)fileDescriptionObject;
            return fileDescription;
        }
        catch (Exception)
        {
            return null;
        }
        finally
        {
            if (registryKey2 != null)
            {
                registryKey2.Close();
            }

            if (registryKey1 != null)
            {
                registryKey1.Close();
            }
        }
    }

    public static void GetFileIcons(string fileName, out Icon smallIcon, out Icon largeIcon)
    {
        if (fileName == null)
        {
            throw new ArgumentNullException("fileName");
        }

        smallIcon = null;
        largeIcon = null;

        RegistryKey registryKey1 = null;
        RegistryKey registryKey2 = null;
        try
        {
            FileInfo fileInfo = new FileInfo(fileName);

            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(fileInfo.Extension))
            {
                return;
            }

            string extension = fileInfo.Extension.ToLowerInvariant();

            registryKey1 = Registry.ClassesRoot.OpenSubKey(extension);
            if (registryKey1 == null)
            {
                return;
            }

            object extensionDefaultObject = registryKey1.GetValue(null);
            if (!(extensionDefaultObject is string))
            {
                return;
            }

            string defaultIconKeyName = string.Format("{0}\\DefaultIcon", extensionDefaultObject);

            registryKey2 = Registry.ClassesRoot.OpenSubKey(defaultIconKeyName);
            if (registryKey2 == null)
            {
                return;
            }

            object defaultIconPathObject = registryKey2.GetValue(null);
            if (!(defaultIconPathObject is string))
            {
                return;
            }

            string defaultIconPath = (string)defaultIconPathObject;
            if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(defaultIconPath))
            {
                return;
            }

            string iconfileName = null;
            int iconIndex = 0;

            int commaIndex = defaultIconPath.IndexOf(",");
            if (commaIndex > 0)
            {
                iconfileName = defaultIconPath.Substring(0, commaIndex);
                string iconIndexString = defaultIconPath.Substring(commaIndex + 1);

                if (!int.TryParse(iconIndexString, out iconIndex))
                {
                    iconIndex = 0;
                }
            }
            else
            {
                iconfileName = defaultIconPath;
                iconIndex = 0;
            }

            IntPtr[] phiconSmall = new IntPtr[1] { IntPtr.Zero };
            IntPtr[] phiconLarge = new IntPtr[1] { IntPtr.Zero };

            int readIconCount = ExtractIconEx(iconfileName, iconIndex, phiconLarge, phiconSmall, 1);

            if (readIconCount < 0)
            {
                return;
            }

            if (phiconSmall[0] != IntPtr.Zero)
            {
                smallIcon = (Icon)Icon.FromHandle(phiconSmall[0]).Clone();
                DestroyIcon(phiconSmall[0]);
            }

            if (phiconLarge[0] != IntPtr.Zero)
            {
                largeIcon = (Icon)Icon.FromHandle(phiconLarge[0]).Clone();
                DestroyIcon(phiconLarge[0]);
            }

            return;
        }
        finally
        {
            if (registryKey2 != null)
            {
                registryKey2.Close();
            }

            if (registryKey1 != null)
            {
                registryKey1.Close();
            }
        }
    }
}

Verwendungszweck :

string fileName = "NotExists.txt";
string contentType = Helper.GetFileContentType(fileName); // "text/plain"
string description = Helper.GetFileDescription(fileName); // "Text Document"
Icon smallIcon, largeIcon;
Helper.GetFileIcons(fileName, out smallIcon, out largeIcon); // 16x16, 32x32 icons
0
Amir Saniyan