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EPPlus - Excel-Tabelle lesen

Mit EPPlus möchte ich eine Excel-Tabelle lesen und dann den gesamten Inhalt jeder Spalte in die entsprechende List speichern. Ich möchte, dass die Überschrift der Tabelle erkannt und der Inhalt danach kategorisiert wird.

Zum Beispiel, wenn meine Excel-Tabelle wie folgt ist:

Id    Name     Gender
 1    John     Male
 2    Maria    Female
 3    Daniel   Unknown

Ich möchte, dass die Daten in List<ExcelData> wo gespeichert werden

public class ExcelData
{
    public string Id { get; set; }
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public string Gender { get; set; }
}

Damit ich den Inhalt mit dem Namen der Überschrift aufrufen kann. Zum Beispiel, wenn ich das mache:

foreach (var data in ThatList)
{
     Console.WriteLine(data.Id + data.Name + data.Gender);
}

Es wird mir diese Ausgabe geben:

1JohnMale
2MariaFemale
3DanielUnknown

Das ist wirklich alles was ich habe:

var package = new ExcelPackage(new FileInfo(@"C:\ExcelFile.xlsx"));
ExcelWorksheet sheet = package.Workbook.Worksheets[1];

var table = sheet.Tables.First();

table.Columns.Something //I guess I can use this to do what I want

Bitte helfen Sie: ( Ich habe viele Stunden damit verbracht, nach Beispielcode zu suchen, damit ich davon lernen kann, aber ohne Erfolg. Ich verstehe auch, dass ExcelToLinQ das schafft, aber die Tabelle nicht erkennt.

10
Liren Yeo

Es gibt keinen Muttersprachler, aber was ist, wenn Sie das verwenden, was ich in diesem Beitrag stelle:

So analysieren Sie Excel-Zeilen mit EPPlus zurück zu Typen

Wenn Sie nur auf eine Tabelle zeigen möchten, muss diese geändert werden. So etwas sollte es tun:

public static IEnumerable<T> ConvertTableToObjects<T>(this ExcelTable table) where T : new()
{
    //DateTime Conversion
    var convertDateTime = new Func<double, DateTime>(excelDate =>
    {
        if (excelDate < 1)
            throw new ArgumentException("Excel dates cannot be smaller than 0.");

        var dateOfReference = new DateTime(1900, 1, 1);

        if (excelDate > 60d)
            excelDate = excelDate - 2;
        else
            excelDate = excelDate - 1;
        return dateOfReference.AddDays(excelDate);
    });

    //Get the properties of T
    var tprops = (new T())
        .GetType()
        .GetProperties()
        .ToList();

    //Get the cells based on the table address
    var groups = table.WorkSheet.Cells[table.Address.Start.Row, table.Address.Start.Column, table.Address.End.Row, table.Address.End.Column]
        .GroupBy(cell => cell.Start.Row)
        .ToList();

    //Assume the second row represents column data types (big assumption!)
    var types = groups
        .Skip(1)
        .First()
        .Select(rcell => rcell.Value.GetType())
        .ToList();

    //Assume first row has the column names
    var colnames = groups
        .First()
        .Select((hcell, idx) => new { Name = hcell.Value.ToString(), index = idx })
        .Where(o => tprops.Select(p => p.Name).Contains(o.Name))
        .ToList();

    //Everything after the header is data
    var rowvalues = groups
        .Skip(1) //Exclude header
        .Select(cg => cg.Select(c => c.Value).ToList());


    //Create the collection container
    var collection = rowvalues
        .Select(row =>
        {
            var tnew = new T();
            colnames.ForEach(colname =>
            {
                //This is the real wrinkle to using reflection - Excel stores all numbers as double including int
                var val = row[colname.index];
                var type = types[colname.index];
                var prop = tprops.First(p => p.Name == colname.Name);

                //If it is numeric it is a double since that is how Excel stores all numbers
                if (type == typeof(double))
                {
                    //Unbox it
                    var unboxedVal = (double)val;

                    //FAR FROM A COMPLETE LIST!!!
                    if (prop.PropertyType == typeof(Int32))
                        prop.SetValue(tnew, (int)unboxedVal);
                    else if (prop.PropertyType == typeof(double))
                        prop.SetValue(tnew, unboxedVal);
                    else if (prop.PropertyType == typeof(DateTime))
                        prop.SetValue(tnew, convertDateTime(unboxedVal));
                    else
                        throw new NotImplementedException(String.Format("Type '{0}' not implemented yet!", prop.PropertyType.Name));
                }
                else
                {
                    //Its a string
                    prop.SetValue(tnew, val);
                }
            });

            return tnew;
        });


    //Send it back
    return collection;
}

Hier ist eine Testmethode:

[TestMethod]
public void Table_To_Object_Test()
{
    //Create a test file
    var fi = new FileInfo(@"c:\temp\Table_To_Object.xlsx");

    using (var package = new ExcelPackage(fi))
    {
        var workbook = package.Workbook;
        var worksheet = workbook.Worksheets.First();
        var ThatList = worksheet.Tables.First().ConvertTableToObjects<ExcelData>();
        foreach (var data in ThatList)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(data.Id + data.Name + data.Gender);
        }

        package.Save();
    }
}

Gab es in der Konsole:

1JohnMale
2MariaFemale
3DanielUnknown

Seien Sie einfach vorsichtig, wenn Ihr ID-Feld eine Zahl oder eine Zeichenfolge in Excel ist, da die Klasse eine Zeichenfolge erwartet.

10
Ernie

Ich weiß nicht warum, aber keine der oben genannten Lösungen funktioniert für mich

public void readXLS(string FilePath)
{
    FileInfo existingFile = new FileInfo(FilePath);
    using (ExcelPackage package = new ExcelPackage(existingFile))
    {
        //get the first worksheet in the workbook
        ExcelWorksheet worksheet = package.Workbook.Worksheets[1];
        int colCount = worksheet.Dimension.End.Column;  //get Column Count
        int rowCount = worksheet.Dimension.End.Row;     //get row count
        for (int row = 1; row <= rowCount; row++)
        {
            for (int col = 1; col <= colCount; col++)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(" Row:" + row + " column:" + col + " Value:" + worksheet.Cells[row, col].Value.ToString().Trim());
            }
        }
    }
}
3
Suresh Kamrushi

Mit dem folgenden Code werden Excel-Daten in eine Datentabelle eingelesen, die in eine Liste von Datenfenstern konvertiert wird.

if (FileUpload1.HasFile)
{
    if (Path.GetExtension(FileUpload1.FileName) == ".xlsx")
    {
        Stream fs = FileUpload1.FileContent;
        ExcelPackage package = new ExcelPackage(fs);
        DataTable dt = new DataTable();
        dt= package.ToDataTable();
        List<DataRow> listOfRows = new List<DataRow>();
        listOfRows = dt.AsEnumerable().ToList();

    }
}
2
Fenil Patel

Dies ist meine Arbeitsversion. Beachten Sie, dass der Resolver-Code nicht angezeigt wird, aber bei meiner Implementierung eine Drehbewegung darstellt. Dadurch können Spalten aufgelöst werden, auch wenn sie in jedem Arbeitsblatt etwas anders benannt sind. 

public static IEnumerable<T> ToArray<T>(this ExcelWorksheet worksheet, List<PropertyNameResolver> resolvers) where T : new()
{

  // List of all the column names
  var header = worksheet.Cells.GroupBy(cell => cell.Start.Row).First();

  // Get the properties from the type your are populating
  var properties = typeof(T).GetProperties().ToList();


  var start = worksheet.Dimension.Start;
  var end = worksheet.Dimension.End;

  // Resulting list
  var list = new List<T>();

  // Iterate the rows starting at row 2 (ie start.Row + 1)
  for (int row = start.Row + 1; row <= end.Row; row++)
  {
    var instance = new T();
    for (int col = start.Column; col <= end.Column; col++)
    {
      object value = worksheet.Cells[row, col].Text;

      // Get the column name zero based (ie col -1)
      var column = (string)header.Skip(col - 1).First().Value;

      // Gets the corresponding property to set
      var property = properties.Property(resolvers, column);

      try
      {
        var propertyName = property.PropertyType.IsGenericType
          ? property.PropertyType.GetGenericArguments().First().FullName
          : property.PropertyType.FullName;


        // Implement setter code as needed. 
        switch (propertyName)
        {
          case "System.String":
            property.SetValue(instance, Convert.ToString(value));
            break;
          case "System.Int32":
            property.SetValue(instance, Convert.ToInt32(value));
            break;
          case "System.DateTime":
            if (DateTime.TryParse((string) value, out var date))
            {
              property.SetValue(instance, date);
            }
            property.SetValue(instance, FromExcelSerialDate(Convert.ToInt32(value)));
            break;
          case "System.Boolean":
            property.SetValue(instance, (int)value == 1);
            break;
        }
      }
      catch (Exception e)
      {
        // instance property is empty because there was a problem.
      }

    } 
    list.Add(instance);
  }
  return list;
}

// Utility function taken from the above post's inline function.
public static DateTime FromExcelSerialDate(int excelDate)
{
  if (excelDate < 1)
    throw new ArgumentException("Excel dates cannot be smaller than 0.");

  var dateOfReference = new DateTime(1900, 1, 1);

  if (excelDate > 60d)
    excelDate = excelDate - 2;
  else
    excelDate = excelDate - 1;
  return dateOfReference.AddDays(excelDate);
}
2
jwize

Bei der ersten Antwort ist ein Fehler aufgetreten, daher habe ich eine Codezeile geändert.

Bitte versuche es mit meinem neuen Code, es funktioniert für mich.

using OfficeOpenXml;
using OfficeOpenXml.Table;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Reflection;

public static class ImportExcelReader
{
    public static List<T> ImportExcelToList<T>(this ExcelWorksheet worksheet) where T : new()
    {
        //DateTime Conversion
        Func<double, DateTime> convertDateTime = new Func<double, DateTime>(excelDate =>
        {
            if (excelDate < 1)
            {
                throw new ArgumentException("Excel dates cannot be smaller than 0.");
            }

            DateTime dateOfReference = new DateTime(1900, 1, 1);

            if (excelDate > 60d)
            {
                excelDate = excelDate - 2;
            }
            else
            {
                excelDate = excelDate - 1;
            }

            return dateOfReference.AddDays(excelDate);
        });

        ExcelTable table = null;

        if (worksheet.Tables.Any())
        {
            table = worksheet.Tables.FirstOrDefault();
        }
        else
        {
            table = worksheet.Tables.Add(worksheet.Dimension, "tbl" + ShortGuid.NewGuid().ToString());

            ExcelAddressBase newaddy = new ExcelAddressBase(table.Address.Start.Row, table.Address.Start.Column, table.Address.End.Row + 1, table.Address.End.Column);

            //Edit the raw XML by searching for all references to the old address
            table.TableXml.InnerXml = table.TableXml.InnerXml.Replace(table.Address.ToString(), newaddy.ToString());
        }

        //Get the cells based on the table address
        List<IGrouping<int, ExcelRangeBase>> groups = table.WorkSheet.Cells[table.Address.Start.Row, table.Address.Start.Column, table.Address.End.Row, table.Address.End.Column]
            .GroupBy(cell => cell.Start.Row)
            .ToList();

        //Assume the second row represents column data types (big assumption!)
        List<Type> types = groups.Skip(1).FirstOrDefault().Select(rcell => rcell.Value.GetType()).ToList();

        //Get the properties of T
        List<PropertyInfo> modelProperties = new T().GetType().GetProperties().ToList();

        //Assume first row has the column names
        var colnames = groups.FirstOrDefault()
            .Select((hcell, idx) => new
            {
                Name = hcell.Value.ToString(),
                index = idx
            })
            .Where(o => modelProperties.Select(p => p.Name).Contains(o.Name))
            .ToList();

        //Everything after the header is data
        List<List<object>> rowvalues = groups
            .Skip(1) //Exclude header
            .Select(cg => cg.Select(c => c.Value).ToList()).ToList();

        //Create the collection container
        List<T> collection = new List<T>();
        foreach (List<object> row in rowvalues)
        {
            T tnew = new T();
            foreach (var colname in colnames)
            {
                //This is the real wrinkle to using reflection - Excel stores all numbers as double including int
                object val = row[colname.index];
                Type type = types[colname.index];
                PropertyInfo prop = modelProperties.FirstOrDefault(p => p.Name == colname.Name);

                //If it is numeric it is a double since that is how Excel stores all numbers
                if (type == typeof(double))
                {
                    //Unbox it
                    double unboxedVal = (double)val;

                    //FAR FROM A COMPLETE LIST!!!
                    if (prop.PropertyType == typeof(int))
                    {
                        prop.SetValue(tnew, (int)unboxedVal);
                    }
                    else if (prop.PropertyType == typeof(double))
                    {
                        prop.SetValue(tnew, unboxedVal);
                    }
                    else if (prop.PropertyType == typeof(DateTime))
                    {
                        prop.SetValue(tnew, convertDateTime(unboxedVal));
                    }
                    else if (prop.PropertyType == typeof(string))
                    {
                        prop.SetValue(tnew, val.ToString());
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        throw new NotImplementedException(string.Format("Type '{0}' not implemented yet!", prop.PropertyType.Name));
                    }
                }
                else
                {
                    //Its a string
                    prop.SetValue(tnew, val);
                }
            }
            collection.Add(tnew);
        }

        return collection;
    }
}

Wie rufe ich diese Funktion auf? Bitte sehen Sie den Code unten;

private List<FundraiserStudentListModel> GetStudentsFromExcel(HttpPostedFileBase file)
    {
        List<FundraiserStudentListModel> list = new List<FundraiserStudentListModel>();
        if (file != null)
        {
            try
            {
                using (ExcelPackage package = new ExcelPackage(file.InputStream))
                {
                    ExcelWorkbook workbook = package.Workbook;
                    if (workbook != null)
                    {
                        ExcelWorksheet worksheet = workbook.Worksheets.FirstOrDefault();
                        if (worksheet != null)
                        {
                            list = worksheet.ImportExcelToList<FundraiserStudentListModel>();
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
            catch (Exception err)
            {
                //save error log
            }
        }
        return list;
    }

FundraiserStudentListModel hier:

 public class FundraiserStudentListModel
{
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public string Email { get; set; }
    public string Phone { get; set; }
}
0
Sadik Ali